тест-тренажёры в формате DVD-видео, удовлетворяющие требованиям федеральных государственных Опознавательным знаком направления смещения равновесия в этой системе служит изменение цвета: диоксид


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NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ Пɟɞɚɝоɝикɚ NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ Review. e authors of the article emphasize the need for creating teaching and learning aids of the new generation, the aids that would take into account the transfer of the system of education from the subject-knowledge model to the practice-oriented Zcompetence= model of the educational process which involves more independent work or students, interactive educational proccess and individualization of learning. 6 e subject of the research is the psychological and pedagogical aspects of the pedagogical design of educational resources for self-learning and training. 6 e authors set a goal to design didactically based and technically veri4 ed test-simulators presented as Q^Q-^ideo that would satisfy the federal educational standards of the latest generation. Based on the system approach to designing educational resources for academic disciplines, the authors have proved the need to create test-stimulators for independent work of students. 6 e authors describe particular didactic targets based on the analysis of the conceptual framework of `hemistry as an academic discipline. Qidactic justi4 cation of the choice of technological solutions is the following; teaching function of testing technologies and pedagogical signi4 cance of educational videos providing high visual expression and emotional perception of the educational information. Yudio comments from the teacher allow a student to analyze his mistakes and promptly monitor the success of his progress with each topic. 6 e article presents the results of the development and creation of test-simulators on the topics of the discipline `hemistry for st year students of a Technical University. Test-simulators allow a stsudent to independently work on his curriculum topics, see the results of his work, adequately assess the succcess of his proceeding with the topic and receive teachers audio guidelines. Using test-simulators, each student has a possibility to work whenever he can and choose the best level of intensity of work for himself. 6 e advantages of this kind of teaching and learning aids include active work of a student during watching a video Zin particular, independent planning of an experiment, measuring the length of chemical reaction, and further calculation of the time of chemical reaction, building a graph, etc.=. Test-simulators are presented in Q^Q-^ideo and can be placed in the so7 ware environment \OOQLE which allows them to organize a direct connection with the theoretical training material via hyperlinks. Test-simulators allow the teacher to really manage the independent work of students and allow students to quickly control their educational achievement through testing. 6 e student is able to independently learn the discipline actually operating in a mode of training program. 6 e conducted pedagogical experiments in groups of the st year students have shown high e{ ciency of test-simulators in the learning process. 6 e presented test- simulators can be recommended for use in the educational process of technical universities. Keywords: higher school chemistry, test-simulators, testing technology, L\S \OOQLE, self-learning, independent work ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˈ ˔˕˃ːˇ˃˓˕˞ ˕˓ˈ˕˟ˈˆˑ ˒ˑ- ˍˑˎˈːˋˢ ˕˓ˈ˄˖ˡ˕ ˒˓ˋː˙ˋ˒ˋ˃ˎ˟ːˑ ːˑ˅ˑˆˑ ˒ˑˇ˘ˑˇ˃ ˍ ˓˃ˊ˓˃˄ˑ˕ˍˈ ˖˚ˈ˄ː˞˘ ˒˓ˑˆ˓˃ˏˏ ˋ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋˍˈ ˒˓ˈ˒ˑˇ˃˅˃ːˋˢ ˖˚ˈ˄ː˞˘ ˇˋ˔- ˙ˋ˒ˎˋː [1]. ʏˍ˙ˈː˕ ˔˕˃˅ˋ˕˔ˢ ː˃ ːˈˑ˄˘ˑˇˋˏˑ˔˕ˋ ˒ˑ˔˕ˋˉˈːˋˢ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˑˎˑˆˋˋ ˒˓ˈˇˏˈ˕˃, ˑ˔˅ˑˈːˋˢ ˈˆˑ ˎˑˆˋˍˋ, ˒ˑːˋˏ˃ːˋˢ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑ˔˅ˢˊˋ ˑ˕ˇˈˎ˟ː˞˘ ˒ˑːˢ˕ˋˌ ˋ ˢ˅ˎˈːˋˌ. ʝ˕ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃ ˑˉˋˇ˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ːˈ ˏˈ- ˘˃ːˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˈ ˊ˃˒ˑˏˋː˃ːˋˈ ˏːˑˆˑ˚ˋ˔ˎˈːː˞˘ ˗ˑ˓ˏ˖ˎ, ˔˘ˈˏ, ˖˓˃˅ːˈːˋˌ, ˃ ˖ˏˈːˋˈ ˋ˘ ˅˞˅ˈ˔˕ˋ, ˅ˎ˃ˇˈːˋˈ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˑˏ, ˒ˑːˋˏ˃ːˋˈ ˎˑˆˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˔˅ˢˊˋ ˑ˕ˇˈˎ˟ː˞˘ ˠˎˈˏˈː˕ˑ˅ ˈˇˋːˑˌ ˔ˋ˔˕ˈˏ˞. ʠˑ˅˓ˈˏˈːː˞ˈ ˒˓ˋː˙ˋ- ˒˞ ˑ˓ˆ˃ːˋˊ˃˙ˋˋ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˆˑ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔˃ ˅ ˅˞˔˛ˈˌ ˛ˍˑˎˈ ˕˓ˈ˄˖ˡ˕ ˔ˏˈ˜ˈːˋˢ ˃ˍ˙ˈː˕˃ ˔ ˊ˃˖˚ˋ˅˃ːˋˢ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˌ ˋː˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˙ˋˋ ː˃ ˈё ˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ː˞ˌ ˒ˑˋ˔ˍ, ː˃ ˓˃ˊ˅ˋ˕ˋˈ ˋːˋ˙ˋ˃˕ˋ˅˞, ˕˅ˑ˓˚ˈ˔˕˅˃ ˋ ˎˋ˚ːˑˌ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅ˈːːˑ˔˕ˋ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑ˅ ˊ˃ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃˕˞ ˔˅ˑˈˌ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˌ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˞. ʠˑˇˈ˓ˉ˃ːˋˈ ˊː˃ːˋˢ ˋ ˕ˈ˘ːˑˎˑˆˋˋ ˈˆˑ ˒ˈ˓ˈˇ˃˚ˋ ˑ˕ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˍ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˈˏ˞ˏ ˍˑ˓ˈːː˞ˏ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑˏ ˏˈːˢˡ˕ ˔˅ˑё ˔ˑˇˈ˓ˉ˃ːˋˈ, ˙ˈˎˋ ˋ ˍ˓ˋ˕ˈ˓ˋˋ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟- ˕˃˕ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕ˋ. ʞ˓˃ˍ˕ˋˍˑ-ˑ˓ˋˈː˕ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːː˃ˢ ȋˍˑˏ˒ˈ- ˕ˈː˕ːˑ˔˕ː˃ˢȌ ˏˑˇˈˎ˟ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˆˑ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔˃ ˒ˑˇ˓˃ˊ˖ˏˈ˅˃ˈ˕ ˖˔ˋˎˈːˋˈ ˔˃ˏˑ˔˕ˑˢ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˞ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑ˅, ˋː˕ˈ˓˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕ˋ ˋ ˋːˇˋ˅ˋˇ˖˃ˎˋˊ˃˙ˋˡ ˑ˄˖˚ˈːˋˢ. ʞ˓ˋ ˠ˕ˑˏ ˒˓ˈˇˏˈ˕ːˑˈ ˊː˃ːˋˈ ˕ˈ˓ˢˈ˕ ˔˅ˑˡ ˆˎ˃˅ˈː˔˕˅˖ˡ˜˖ˡ ˓ˑˎ˟, ˔˕ˈ˒ˈː˟ ˊ˃ˆ˓˖ˉˈːːˑ˔˕ˋ ˋː˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˙ˋˈˌ ˖˚˃˜ˈˆˑ˔ˢ ˑ˕˘ˑˇˋ˕ ː˃ ˅˕ˑ˓ˑˌ ˒ˎ˃ː. В ˍ˃˚ˈ˔˕˅ˈ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃˕˃ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˆˑ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔˃ ˓˃˔˔ˏ˃˕˓ˋ˅˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˗ˑ˓ˏˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˈ ˖ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˈˏˑˆˑ ˍˑˏ- ˒ˎˈˍ˔˃ ˑ˄˜ˈˍ˖ˎ˟˕˖˓ː˞˘ ˋ ˒˓ˑ˗ˈ˔˔ˋˑː˃ˎ˟ː˞˘ ˍˑˏ- ˒ˈ˕ˈː˙ˋˌ, ˒ˑˇ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞ˏˋ ˒ˑːˋˏ˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˔˒ˑ˔ˑ˄ːˑ˔˕˟ ˒˓ˋˏˈːˢ˕˟ ˊː˃ːˋˢ, ˖ˏˈːˋˢ ˋ ˎˋ˚ːˑ˔˕ː˞ˈ ˍ˃˚ˈ˔˕˅˃ ˇˎˢ ˖˔˒ˈ˛ːˑˌ ˇˈˢ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ˔˕ˋ ˅ ˑ˒˓ˈˇˈˎёːːˑˌ ˒˓ˑ- ˗ˈ˔˔ˋˑː˃ˎ˟ːˑˌ ˑ˄ˎ˃˔˕ˋ. В ˖˔ˎˑ˅ˋˢ˘ ˍˑˏ˒ˈ˕ˈː˕ːˑ˔˕ːˑˆˑ ˒ˑˇ˘ˑˇ˃ ˓ˑˎ˟ ˔˃ˏˑ˔˕ˑˢ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˞ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃ ˅ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˈ ˑ˔˅ˑˈːˋˢ ˋˏ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˆˑ ˏ˃˕ˈ˓ˋ˃ˎ˃ ˔˖˜ˈ˔˕˅ˈːːˑ ˅ˑˊ˓˃˔˕˃ˈ˕. ʝ˒˞˕ ˒ˑˍ˃ˊ˞˅˃ˈ˕, ˚˕ˑ ˑ˔ːˑ˅˖ ˑ˄˓˃- ˊˑ˅˃ːːˑ˔˕ˋ ˔ˑ˅˓ˈˏˈːːˑˆˑ ˚ˈˎˑ˅ˈˍ˃ ˔ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˢˡ˕ ˊː˃ːˋˢ, ˒˓ˋˑ˄˓ˈ˕ёːː˞ˈ ˋˏ ˔˃ˏˑ˔˕ˑˢ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ. Зː˃ːˋˢ ˇˑˎˉː˞ ˇˑ˄˞˅˃˕˟˔ˢ ˒˖˕ёˏ ˒˓ˈˑˇˑˎˈːˋˢ ˑ˒˓ˈˇˈˎёːː˞˘ ˋː˕ˈˎˎˈˍ˕˖˃ˎ˟ː˞˘ ˄˃˓˟ˈ˓ˑ˅. ʟˑˎ˟ ˒˓ˈ˒ˑˇ˃˅˃˕ˈˎˢ – ˆ˓˃ˏˑ˕ːˑ ˔ˑˊˇ˃˕˟ ˋ ˓˃˔˔˕˃˅ˋ˕˟ ˠ˕ˋ ˄˃˓˟ˈ˓˞, ˃ ˊ˃˕ˈˏ ˑ˓ˆ˃ːˋˊˑ˅˃˕˟ ˋ ˍˑː˕˓ˑˎˋ- DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ ˋ˘ ˒˓ˈˑˇˑˎˈːˋˢ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˈˏ˞ˏˋ. ʬ˕ˑ ˒ˑˇ˓˃ˊ˖ˏˈ˅˃ˈ˕ ˅˞˓˃˄ˑ˕ˍ˖ ːˑ˅˞˘ ˍ˓ˋ˕ˈ˓ˋˈ˅ ˍ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˏ ˓ˈ˔˖˓˔˃ˏ ˖˚ˈ˄ː˞˘ ˇˋ˔˙ˋ˒ˎˋː, ˔ˑˊˇ˃ːˋˈ ˋː˕ˈ˓˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ː˞˘ ˗ˑ˓ˏ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑ-ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋ- ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˏ˃˕ˈ˓ˋ˃ˎˑ˅, ː˃˒˓˃˅ˎˈːː˞˘ ː˃ ˅˞˓˃˄ˑ˕ˍ˖ ˖ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˈˏ˞˘ ˍˑːˍ˓ˈ˕ː˞˘ ˍˑˏ˒ˈ˕ˈː˙ˋˌ. ʠˋ˔˕ˈˏː˞ˌ ˒ˑˇ˘ˑˇ ˍ ˔ˑˊˇ˃ːˋˡ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟- ː˞˘ ˓ˈ˔˖˓˔ˑ˅ ˖˚ˈ˄ː˞˘ ˇˋ˔˙ˋ˒ˎˋː ˒ˑˇ˓˃ˊ˖ˏˈ˅˃ˈ˕ ˋː˕ˈˆ˓˃˙ˋˡ ˓˃ˊːˑˑ˄˓˃ˊː˞˘ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˔˓ˈˇ˔˕˅ ˋ ˒ˈˇ˃ˆˑˆˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˅ˑˊˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˌ ː˃ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˈˏˑ- ˆˑ [4] ˋ ˔ˑˊˇ˃ːˋˈ ˇˋˇ˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ ˑ˄ˑ˔ːˑ˅˃ːːˑˆˑ ˋ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ ˅˞˅ˈ˓ˈːːˑˆˑ ˈˇˋːˑˆˑ ˍˑˏ˒ˎˈˍ˔˃ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟ː˞˘ ˓ˈ˔˖˓˔ˑ˅ [7], ˅ˍˎˡ˚˃ˡ˜ˈˆˑ ˋː- ˕ˈ˓˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ː˞ˈ ˎˈˍ˙ˋˋ [5], ˎ˃˄ˑ˓˃˕ˑ˓ː˞ˈ ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋˍ˖- ˏ˞ [6], ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑ-ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋ˚ˈ˔ˍ˖ˡ ˎˋ˕ˈ˓˃˕˖˓˖ ːˑ˅ˑˆˑ ˒ˑˍˑˎˈːˋˢ [3]. ʡˈ˔˕-˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓˞ [2] ˒˓ˋˊ˅˃ː˞ ˅ ˊː˃˚ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ ˔˕ˈ˒ˈːˋ ˖˔ˋˎˋ˕˟ ˠ˗˗ˈˍ˕ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕˟ ˋ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃˕ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕˟ ˔˃ˏˑ˔˕ˑˢ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˞ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑ˅. ʜ˃ˏˋ ˓˃ˊ˓˃˄ˑ˕˃ː˞ ˕ˈ˔˕-˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓˞ ˇˎˢ ˔˕˖- ˇˈː˕ˑ˅ ˕ˈ˘ːˑˎˑˆˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˔˒ˈ˙ˋ˃ˎ˟ːˑ˔˕ˈˌ ˋ ː˃- ˒˓˃˅ˎˈːˋˌ ˒ˑˇˆˑ˕ˑ˅ˍˋ ˒ˑ ˑ˕ˇˈˎ˟ː˞ˏ ˕ˈˏ˃ˏ ˍ˖˓˔˃ ˘ˋˏˋˋ, ˃ ˋˏˈːːˑ: ɯимичɟɫкɚя кинɟɬикɚ ɯимичɟɫкоɟ ɪɚɜноɜɟɫиɟ ɪɚɫɬɜоɪы элɟкɬɪолиɬоɜ окиɫлиɬɟльно ɜоɫɫɬɚноɜиɬɟльныɟ ɪɟɚкции оɫноɜы элɟкɬɪоɯимии Ɋɚɛоɬɚ ɫозɞɚнию ɜключɚлɚ ɪɚзɪɚɛоɬкɭ пɟɞɚɝоɝи чɟɫкиɯ оɛоɫноɜɚний ɪɚционɚльныɯ мɟɬоɞичɟɫ ɪɟшɟний ɬɟɯнолоɝичɟɫкиɟ ɜоплощɟния Вɫɟ ɬɪи компонɟнɬɚ нɟɪɚзɪыɜно ɫɜязɚны ɜзɚимно ɞополняюɬ ɞɪɭɝ ɞɪɭɝɚ оɛɪɚзɭя ɟɞиный комплɟкɫ оɪиɝинɚльноɝо оɛɪɚзоɜɚɬɟльноɝо ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚ ʜ˃ ˒ˈ˓˅ˑˏ ˠ˕˃˒ˈ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˞ ˄˞ˎ ˒˓ˑ˅ˈˇёː ˕˜˃- ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˌ ˃ː˃ˎˋˊ ˒ˑːˢ˕ˋˌːˑˆˑ ˃˒˒˃˓˃˕˃ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˌ ˇˋ˔˙ˋ˒ˎˋː˞ «ʤˋˏˋˢ» ˅ ˙ˈˎˢ˘ ˒ˑ˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˍˋ ˇˋˇ˃ˍ- ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˊ˃ˇ˃˚ ˍ˃ˉˇˑˌ ˕ˈˏ˞ ː˃ ˑ˔ːˑ˅ˈ ˍˑˏ˒ˈ- ˕ˈː˕ːˑ˔˕ːˑˆˑ ˒ˑˇ˘ˑˇ˃. ʡ˃ˍ, ˅ ˕ˈˏˈ «ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍ˃ˢ ˍˋːˈ˕ˋˍ˃» ˕˓ˈ˄˖ˈ˕˔ˢ ˅˞˓˃˄ˑ˕˃˕˟ ˖ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑ˅ ˖ˏˈːˋˈ ˃ː˃ˎˋˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˋ ˘˃˓˃ˍ˕ˈ˓ˋˊˑ˅˃˕˟ ˍˑˎˋ- ˚ˈ˔˕˅ˈːːˑ ˅ˎˋˢːˋˈ ˓˃ˊˎˋ˚ː˞˘ ˅ːˈ˛ːˋ˘ ˗˃ˍ˕ˑ˓ˑ˅ ȋ˕ˈˏ˒ˈ˓˃˕˖˓˞, ˅ːˈ˛ːˈˆˑ ˇ˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ, ˍˑː˙ˈː˕˓˃˙ˋˌ ˓ˈ˃ˆˋ˓˖ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅Ȍ ː˃ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕˟ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ, ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ː˃˅˞ˍˋ ˒ˑ ˋˊˏˈ˓ˈːˋˡ ˑ˕- ːˑ˔ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕ˋ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˋ ˋː˕ˈ˓˒˓ˈ˕˃˙ˋˋ ˒ˑˎ˖˚ˈːː˞˘ ˇ˃ːː˞˘. ʢˏˈːˋˈ ˒˓ˑˆːˑˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ː˃- ˒˓˃˅ˎˈːˋˈ ˔ˏˈ˜ˈːˋˢ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˢ ˒˓ˋ ˋˊˏˈːˈːˋˋ ˅ːˈ˛ːˋ˘ ˖˔ˎˑ˅ˋˌ ˒˓ˑ˅ˈˇˈːˋˢ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ȋ˕ˈˏ˒ˈ˓˃˕˖˓˞, ˅ːˈ˛ːˈˆˑ ˇ˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ, ˍˑː˙ˈː˕˓˃˙ˋˌ ˓ˈ˃ˆˋ˓˖ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅Ȍ ˔ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˢˈ˕ ˆˎ˃˅ː˖ˡ ˊ˃ˇ˃˚˖ ˋˊ˖˚ˈːˋˢ ˕ˈˏ˞ «ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˈ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˈ». ʡˈˏ˃ «ʟ˃˔˕˅ˑ˓˞ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅» ˒˓ˈˇ˖˔ˏ˃˕˓ˋ˅˃ˈ˕ ˖ˏˈ- ːˋˢ ˋ ː˃˅˞ˍˋ ˒ˑ ˔ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːˋˡ ˍ˓˃˕ˍˋ˘ ˋˑːːˑ-ˏˑˎˈ- ˍ˖ˎˢ˓ː˞˘ ˖˓˃˅ːˈːˋˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˌ ˋ ˒˓ˑˆːˑˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˡ ˅ˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕ˋ ˋˎˋ ːˈ˅ˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕ˋ ˒˓ˑ˕ˈˍ˃ːˋˢ ˑ˄ˏˈːː˞˘ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˌ ˅ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓˃˘ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ- ˎˋ˕ˑ˅. Гˎ˃˅ːˑˌ ˊ˃ˇ˃˚ˈˌ ˕ˈˏ˞ «ʝˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔- ˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˈ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ» ˢ˅ˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˅˞˓˃˄ˑ˕ˍ˃ ˖ˏˈːˋˢ ˃ː˃ˎˋˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ- ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˈ ˔˅ˑˌ˔˕˅˃ ˒˓ˑ˔˕˞˘ ˋ ˔ˎˑˉː˞˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅, ˒˓ˈˇ˔ˍ˃ˊ˞˅˃˕˟ ˋ˘ ˒ˑ˅ˈˇˈːˋˈ ˅ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˢ˘ ȋ˕ˑˎ˟ˍˑ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟, ˕ˑˎ˟ˍˑ ˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ ˋˎˋ ː˃ˎˋ˚ˋˈ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ ˇ˅ˑˌ˔˕˅ˈː- ːˑ˔˕ˋȌ ˋ ˑ˔˅ˑˈːˋˈ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋˍˋ ˔ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ ˖˓˃˅- ːˈːˋˌ ȋ˓˃˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˍˋ ˍˑˠ˗˗ˋ˙ˋˈː˕ˑ˅Ȍ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˌ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˑˏ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑːːˑˆˑ ˄˃ˎ˃ː˔˃. Иˊ˖˚ˈːˋˈ ˕ˈˏ˞ «ʝ˔ːˑ˅˞ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋˋ» ˒ˑˇ˓˃ˊ˖ˏˈ˅˃ˈ˕ ˖ˏˈːˋˢ ˒˓ˑˆːˑˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˘˃˓˃ˍ˕ˈ˓ ȋ˃ːˑˇː˞ˌ, ˍ˃˕ˑˇː˞ˌȌ ˒ˑˎˢ˓ˋˊ˃˙ˋˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˇˑ˅ ː˃ ˑ˔ːˑ˅˃ːˋˋ ˊː˃˚ˈːˋˌ ˔˕˃ːˇ˃˓˕ː˞˘ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˇː˞˘ ˒ˑ˕ˈː˙ˋ˃ˎˑ˅ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˑ˅ ˋ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞˘ ˒ˑ˕ˈː˙ˋ˃ˎˑ˅ ˒˓ˑ˚ˋ˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅, ˔ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˢ˕˟ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑːː˞ˈ ˖˓˃˅ːˈ- ːˋˢ ˃ːˑˇː˞˘ ˋ ˍ˃˕ˑˇː˞˘ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˑ˅, ˒˓ˑˋ˔˘ˑˇˢ˜ˋ˘ ˒˓ˋ ˓˃˄ˑ˕ˈ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˋ˔˕ˑ˚ːˋˍˑ˅ ˕ˑˍ˃, ˅ ˘ˑˇˈ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˍˑ˓˓ˑˊˋˋ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˑ˅ ˋ ˔˒ˎ˃˅ˑ˅, ˒˓ˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋˊˈ ˅ˑˇː˞˘ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˑ˅ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅. ʝ˔ˑ˄˞ˌ ˃ˍ˙ˈː˕ ˄˞ˎ ˒ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˈː ː˃ ˕˓˃ˇˋ˙ˋˑːːˑ ˔ˎˑˉː˞˘ ˇˎˢ ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˑ˔˅ˑˈːˋˢ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃ˏˋ ˅ˑ˒˓ˑ˔˃˘ ˍ˃ˉˇˑˌ ˕ˈˏ˞, ˕˓ˈ˄˖ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˑ˔ˑ˄ˑˆˑ ˒ˑˇ- ˘ˑˇ˃ ˋ ˊː˃˚ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˆˑ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˖˔ˋˎˈːˋˢ. В ˚˃˔˕ːˑ˔˕ˋ, ˍ ˕˃ˍˑ˅˞ˏ ˏˑˉːˑ ˑ˕ːˈ˔˕ˋ ˊ˃˅ˋ˔ˋˏˑ˔˕˟ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕ˋ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˑ˕ ˍˑː˙ˈː˕˓˃˙ˋˌ ˓ˈ˃ˆˋ˓˖ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅ ȋ˚˃˔˕ː˞ˈ ˋ ˑ˄˜ˋˈ ˒ˑ˓ˢˇˍˋ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˌȌ, ˒˓ˋː˙ˋ˒ ʚˈ ʧ˃˕ˈˎ˟ˈ, ˒ˑ˔ˎˈˇˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟- ːˑ˔˕˟ ˓˃ˊ˓ˢˇˍˋ ˋˑːˑ˅ ˋ ˅ˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕˟ ˖˚˃˔˕ˋˢ ˏˑ- ˎˈˍ˖ˎ ˅ˑˇ˞ ˅ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˇː˞˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˢ˘, ˒˓ˑˋ˔˘ˑˇˢ- ˜ˋ˘ ˒˓ˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋˊˈ ˅ˑˇː˞˘ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˑ˅ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅. В ˒˓ˈˇ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːːˑˌ ːˋˉˈ ˕˃˄ˎˋ˙ˈ ˒˓ˋ˅ˈˇˈː˞ ˒˓ˋˏˈ˓˞ ˕ˈ˔˕ˑ˅˞˘ ˊ˃ˇ˃ːˋˌ, ː˃˒˓˃˅ˎˈːː˞˘ ː˃ ˅˞˓˃˄ˑ˕ˍ˖ ˑ˒˓ˈˇˈˎёːː˞˘ ˖ˏˈːˋˌ ˋ ː˃˅˞ˍˑ˅. ʝ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˕ˈ˘ːˑˎˑˆˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˑ˔ːˑ- ˅ˑˌ ˇ˃ːː˞˘ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑ-ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˓˃ˊ˓˃˄ˑ˕ˑˍ ˒ˑ˔ˎ˖ˉˋˎ˃ ˔ˋ˔˕ˈˏ˃ ˕ˈ˔˕ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˢ, ˛ˋ˓ˑˍˑ ˓˃˔- ˒˓ˑ˔˕˓˃ːёːː˃ˢ ˅ ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋˍˈ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟ː˞˘ ˊ˃˅ˈˇˈːˋˌ. ʡˈ˔˕ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˈ ˢ˅ˎˢˈ˕˔ˢ ˑ˄˜ˈ˒˓ˋːˢ˕˞ˏ ˒ˈˇ˃- ˆˑˆˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˏ ˔˓ˈˇ˔˕˅ˑˏ ˋˊˏˈ˓ˈːˋˢ ˠ˗˗ˈˍ˕ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕ˋ ˑ˄˖˚ˈːˋˢ. ʝˇː˃ˍˑ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˡ˜˃ˢ ˗˖ːˍ˙ˋˢ ˕ˈ˘ːˑˎˑˆˋˋ ˕ˈ˔˕ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˢ, ˍ ˔ˑˉ˃ˎˈːˋˡ, ˚˃˔˕ˑ ˊ˃ːˋˉ˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˅ ˒ˑˎ˟ˊ˖ ˈˆˑ ˍˑː˕˓ˑˎˋ˓˖ˡ˜ˈˌ ˗˖ːˍ˙ˋˋ. ʝ˒˞˕ DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 Ноɜыɟ мɟɬоɞики ɬɟɯнолоɝии Пɟɞɚɝоɝикɚ NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ ʡˈˏ˃З˃ˇ˃ːˋˈʦ˃˔˕ːˑ-ˇˋˇ˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˊ˃ˇ˃˚ˋ Дˎˢ ˖ˏˈː˟˛ˈːˋˢ ˔ˍˑpˑ˔˕ˋ pˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ, ˕ˈˏ˒ˈp˃˕˖pː˞ˌ ˍˑˠ˗˗ˋ˙ˋˈː˕ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˌ p˃˅ˈː 4, ˅ 64 p˃ˊ˃, ːˈˑ˄˘ˑˇˋˏˑ ˒ˑːˋˊˋ˕˟ ˕ˈˏ˒ˈp˃˕˖p˖ ː˃ ... ˆ˓˃ˇ˖˔ˑ˅. ʞˑːˋˏ˃ːˋˈ ˏ˃˕ˈˏ˃˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˘˃˓˃ˍ˕ˈ˓˃ ˊ˃˅ˋ˔ˋˏˑ˔˕ˋ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕ˋ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˑ˕ ˕ˈˏ˒ˈ˓˃˕˖˓˞, ˖ˏˈːˋˈ ˒ˑˎ˟ˊˑ˅˃˕˟˔ˢ ˗ˑ˓ˏ˖ˎˑˌ В˃ː˕-Гˑ˗˗˃, ʡˈˏ˒ˈp˃˕˖pː˞ˌ ˍˑˠ˗˗ˋ˙ˋˈː˕ pˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ, ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕˟ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˌ ˒pˋ ˒ˑ˅˞˛ˈːˋˋ ˕ˈˏ˒ˈp˃˕˖p˞ ː˃ 30 ʞpˋ ˒ˑ˅˞˛ˈːˋˋ ˅ 3 p˃ˊ˃ ˍˑː˙ˈː˕p˃˙ˋˋ ˖ˍ˔˖˔ːˑˆˑ ˃ˎ˟ˇˈˆˋˇ˃ COȋˆȌ ˔ˍˑpˑ˔˕˟ ˒pˢˏˑˌ pˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˖˅ˈˎˋ˚ˋ˅˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˅ ͻ p˃ˊ. ʝ˄˜ˋˌ ˒ˑ˓ˢˇˍˑ˅ ˋ ˑ˄˜ˈˆˑ ˒ˑ˓ˢˇˍ˃ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ, ˖ˏˈːˋˈ ˅˞˅ˑˇˋ˕˟ ˕ˈˑ˓ˈ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃˕˞ ˒ˑ ˇ˃ːː˞ˏ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˃ ʠˍˑpˑ˔˕˟ ˒pˢˏˑˌ pˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˅ ˔ˋ˔˕ˈˏˈ ˍˑː˙ˈː˕p˃˙ˋˋ ˏˑːˑˑˍ˔ˋˇ˃ ˃ˊˑ˕˃, ˋˎˋ ˒pˋ ˚ˈ˕˞pˈ˘ˍp˃˕ːˑˏ ˖ˏˈː˟˛ˈːˋˋ ˍˑː˙ˈː˕p˃˙ˋˋ ˅ˑˇˑpˑˇ˃. ʝ˄˜ˋˌ ˒ˑpˢˇˑˍ ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˈ COȋˆȌ + 2 OȋˆȌ CO ˖ˍ˃ˉˋ˕ˈ ˅ˈ˓ːˑˈ ˅˞˓˃ˉˈːˋˈ ˇˎˢ ˍˑː˔˕˃ː˕˞ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˢ: ... ʜ˃˅˞ˍˋ ˒ˑ ˔ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːˋˡ ˅˞˓˃ˉˈːˋˌ ˇˎˢ ˍˑː˔˕˃ː˕˞ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ ʡˈˏ˃З˃ˇ˃ːˋˈʦ˃˔˕ːˑ-ˇˋˇ˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˊ˃ˇ˃˚ˋ ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˈ ʟˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ … ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅˖ˈ˕ ˅˞˓˃ˉˈːˋˈ ˇˎˢ ˍˑː˔˕˃ː˕˞ COȋˆȌ + 2 CO CO ȋˆȌ + 2 COȋˆȌ + 2 CO COȋˆȌ + 2 CO ʜ˃˅˞ˍˋ ˒ˑ ˔ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːˋˡ ˅˞˓˃ˉˈːˋˌ ˇˎˢ ˍˑː˔˕˃ː˕˞ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ MgO ȋ˕˅Ȍ + CO MgCO ˅ ˔˕ˑ˓ˑː˖ ˒˓ˑˇ˖ˍ˕ˑ˅ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ːˈˑ˄˘ˑˇˋˏˑ … c. ˒ˑːˋˊˋ˕˟ ˕ˈˏ˒ˈ˓˃˕˖˓˖ d. ˒ˑ˅˞˔ˋ˕˟ ˕ˈˏ˒ˈ˓˃˕˖˓˖ e. ˒ˑːˋˊˋ˕˟ ˍˑː˙ˈː˕˓˃˙ˋˡ ˇˋˑˍ˔ˋˇ˃ ˖ˆˎˈ˓ˑˇ˃ ʢˏˈːˋˈ ˒˓ˑˆːˑˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˢ ˒˓ˋ ˋˊˏˈːˈːˋˋ ˅ːˈ˛ːˋ˘ ˖˔ˎˑ˅ˋˌ ˕ˈˏ˒ˈ˓˃˕˖˓˞, ˇ˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ, ˍˑː˙ˈː˕˓˃˙ˋˌ ˓ˈ˃ˆˋ˓˖ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˏˑˉːˑ ˔ˏˈ˔˕ˋ˕˟ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˈ ˅ˎˈ˅ˑ ... 1. ʢˏˈː˟˛ˈːˋˈˏ ˍˑː˙ˈː˕p˃˙ˋˋ C 2. ʢ˅ˈˎˋ˚ˈːˋˈˏ ˍˑː˙ˈː˕p˃˙ˋˋ C 3. ʢ˅ˈˎˋ˚ˈːˋˈˏ ˍˑː˙ˈː˕p˃˙ˋˋ 5. ʞˑːˋˉˈːˋˈˏ ˕ˈˏ˒ˈp˃˕˖p˞ В p˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ːˑˌ ˔ˋ˔˕ˈˏˈ ... ˏˑˉːˑ ˔ˏˈ˔˕ˋ˕˟ p˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˈ ˅˒p˃˅ˑ ˒˖˕ёˏ ˒ˑ˅˞˛ˈːˋˢ ˇ˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ. CO SO ʢˏˈːˋˈ ˃ː˃ˎˋˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˘˃˓˃ˍ˕ˈ˓ ˋˊˏˈːˈːˋˢ ˍˑˎˋ˚ˈ˔˕˅ ˆ˃ˊˑˑ˄˓˃ˊː˞˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅ ˒ˑ ˖˓˃˅ːˈːˋˡ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˋ ˇˈˎ˃˕˟ ˅˞˅ˑˇ ˑ ˅ˎˋˢːˋˋ ˅ːˈ˛ːˈˆˑ ˇ˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ ː˃ ˒ˑˎˑˉˈːˋˈ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˢ ˅ ˇ˃ːːˑˌ Ноɜыɟ мɟɬоɞики ɬɟɯнолоɝии DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 Пɟɞɚɝоɝикɚ NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ ʡˈˏ˃З˃ˇ˃ːˋˈʦ˃˔˕ːˑ-ˇˋˇ˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˊ˃ˇ˃˚ˋ ʟ˃˔˕˅ˑ˓˞ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅ 1. К 2. Na 3. 4. 5. Na ˍˎ˃˔˔ˋ˗ˋˍ˃˙ˋˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅ ˓˃˔˒ˑˊː˃˅˃˕˟ ˍˎ˃˔˔˞ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˗ˑ˓ˏ˖ˎ˃ˏ, ˒˓ˋː˃ˇˎˈˉːˑ˔˕˟ 1. 2. Na 3. 4. 5. К˓˃˕ˍˑˌ ˋˑːːˑˌ ˗ˑ˓ˏˑˌ ˇˎˢ ˏˑˎˈˍ˖ˎˢ˓ːˑˆˑ ˖˓˃˅ːˈːˋˢ 2Кʝʜ + 1. 2Кʝʜ + 2 2. 3. 2Кʝʜ + 2 4. Кʝʜ + 5. 2К ʝ˔˅ˑˈːˋˈ ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ ˋ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋˍˋ ˔ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ ˋˑːːˑ-ˏˑˎˈˍ˖ˎˢ˓ː˞˘ ʛˑˎˈˍ˖ˎˢ˓ːˑˌ ˗ˑ˓ˏˑˌ ˇˎˢ ˍ˓˃˕ˍˑˆˑ ˋˑːːˑˆˑ ˖˓˃˅ːˈːˋˢ = CuȋO Ȍ 1. CuCŽ + 2O = 2CŽ + CuȋO Ȍ 2. CuCŽ CŽ + CuȋO Ȍ 3. CuS + 2O =  S + CuȋO Ȍ 4. CuS + 2NaO = Na S + CuȋO Ȍ 5. CuȋNO + CuȋO Ȍ ʝ˓˕ˑ˗ˑ˔˗ˑ˓ː˃ˢ ˍˋ˔ˎˑ˕˃ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅˖ˈ˕ ˔ ... 1. К 2. N 3. NaʠŽ 4. В˃CŽ 5. CŽ ʢˏˈːˋˈ ˒˓ˑˆːˑˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˅ˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕˟ ˋˎˋ ːˈ˅ˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕˟ ˑ˄ˏˈːː˞˘ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˌ ˏˈˉˇ˖ ʠ˖ˎ˟˗˃˕ ˙ˋːˍ˃ ːˈ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅˖ˈ˕ ˔ ... 1. В˃CŽ 2. CaȋNO 3.  4. NO 5. O DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ ʡˈˏ˃З˃ˇ˃ːˋˈʦ˃˔˕ːˑ-ˇˋˇ˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˊ˃ˇ˃˚ˋ ʝˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ ˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˈ ʟˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˢ ... ːˈ ˢ˅ˎˢˈ˕˔ˢ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ. + 3CO ˖ˏˈːˋˈ ˓˃˔˒ˑˊː˃˕˟ ˒˓ˋː˃ˇˎˈˉːˑ˔˕˟ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˍ ˍˎ˃˔˔˖ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ- ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˈ ˔ˑˈˇˋːˈːˋˈ ... ˊ˃ ˔˚ё˕ ˠˎˈˏˈː˕˃ ˏˑˉˈ˕ ˄˞˕˟ ˕ˑˎ˟ˍˑ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎˈˏ. O ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˢ ˃˕ˑˏˑ˅, ˅˘ˑˇˢ˜ˋ˘ ˅ ˒˓ˈˇ˔ˍ˃ˊ˃ːˋˢ ˘˃˓˃ˍ˕ˈ˓˃ ˒ˑ˅ˈˇˈːˋˢ ȋ˕ˑˎ˟ˍˑ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟, ˕ˑˎ˟ˍˑ ˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˃ˢ ˇ˅ˑˌ˔˕˅ˈːːˑ˔˕˟Ȍ ˠ˕ˋ˘ ˔ˑˈˇˋːˈːˋˌ ˅ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ- ˒˓ˑˏˈˉ˖˕ˑ˚ːˑˌȌ. ʠ˘ˈˏ˃ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔˃ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˢ ˋˏˈˈ˕ ˅ˋˇ: ... 1. Na 2.  3. Cr 4. Cr 5. Cr ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˢ ˃˕ˑˏˑ˅, ˅˘ˑˇˢ˜ˋ˘ ˅ ʠ˘ˈˏ˃ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔˃ ˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˎˈːˋˢ ˋˏˈˈ˕ ˅ˋˇ: ... 1. Pb 2. PbO 3. PbO 4. PbȋC COOȌ 5. PbȋNO ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˢ ˃˕ˑˏˑ˅, ˅˘ˑˇˢ˜ˋ˘ ˅ ʠˑ˔˕˃˅˟˕ˈ ˖p˃˅ːˈːˋˈ ʝВʟ, ˒pˑ˕ˈˍ˃ˡ˜ˈˌ ˒ˑ ˔˘ˈˏˈ O ˋ ˖ˍ˃ˉˋ˕ˈ ˔˕ˈ˘ˋˑˏˈ˕pˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˌ ˍˑˠ˗˗ˋ˙ˋˈː˕ 1. 62. 53. 44. 25. 1 ʝ˔˅ˑˈːˋˈ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋˍˋ ˓˃˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˍˋ ˍˑˠ˗˗ˋ˙ˋˈː˕ˑ˅ ˅ ˖˓˃˅ːˈːˋˋ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˌ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˑˏ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑːːˑˆˑ Ноɜыɟ мɟɬоɞики ɬɟɯнолоɝии DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 Пɟɞɚɝоɝикɚ NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ ʡˈˏ˃З˃ˇ˃ːˋˈʦ˃˔˕ːˑ-ˇˋˇ˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˊ˃ˇ˃˚ˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋˋ ˒˓ˑ˕ˈˍ˃ˈ˕ ˅ ˆ˃ˎ˟˅˃ːˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˏ ˠˎˈˏˈː˕ˈ, ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍ˃ˢ ˔˘ˈˏ˃ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˆˑ ˋˏˈˈ˕ ˅ˋˇ: ... || CuSO | Cu ʞˑːˋˏ˃ːˋˈ ˔˖˜ːˑ˔˕ˋ ˃ːˑˇː˞˘ ˋ ˍ˃˕ˑˇː˞˘ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˑ˅ ˋ ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ ˔ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˔˘ˈˏ ˆ˃ˎ˟˅˃ːˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˠˎˈˏˈː˕ˑ˅, ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅ˋˈ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑːːˑˆˑ ˖˓˃˅ːˈːˋˢ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˇːˑˆˑ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔˃ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˔˘ˈˏˈ. В ˆ˃ˎ˟˅˃ːˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˏ ˠˎˈˏˈː˕ˈ n | | Pb ˒˓ˑ˕ˈˍ˃ˡ˕ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˇː˞ˈ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔˞: ... 1Pb ;2 2n ;Pb 3n ;n 4n ;2 5Pb ;2 ʞpˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˍˑppˑˊˋˋ ˅ ˔ˋ˔˕ˈˏˈ Dzˏˈˇ˟ - ˃ˎˡˏˋːˋˌdz ˅ ːˈˌ˕˓˃ˎ˟ːˑˌ ˔˓ˈˇˈ ː˃ ˍ˃˕ˑˇˈ ˑ˄˓˃ˊ˖ˈ˕˔ˢ ʞˑːˋˏ˃ːˋˈ ˏˈ˘˃ːˋˊˏ˃ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˍˑ˓˓ˑˊˋˋ ˖˓˃˅ːˈːˋˌ ˃ːˑˇːˑˆˑ ˋ ˍ˃˕ˑˇːˑˆˑ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˑ˅, ˒˓ˑˋ˔˘ˑˇˢ˜ˋ˘ ˒˓ˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˍˑ˓˓ˑˊˋˋ ʛˈ˕˃ˎˎ ... ˏˑˉːˑ ˒ˑˎ˖˚ˋ˕˟ ː˃ ˖ˆˑˎ˟ːˑˏ ˍ˃˕ˑˇˈ ˒pˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕pˑˎˋˊˈ ˅ˑˇːˑˆˑ p˃˔˕˅ˑp˃ ˈˆˑ ˔ˑˎˋ. 1. n2. AŽ3. Cs4. Ra5. Ba ʢˏˈːˋˈ ˃ː˃ˎˋˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˔˒ˑ˔ˑ˄ːˑ˔˕˟ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˑ˅ ˅˞ˇˈˎˢ˕˟˔ˢ ː˃ ˍ˃˕ˑˇˈ ˒˓ˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋˊˈ ˅ˑˇː˞˘ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˑ˅ ˋ˘ ˔ˑˈˇˋːˈːˋˌ ˒ˑ ˊː˃˚ˈːˋˢˏ ˋ˘ ˔˕˃ːˇ˃˓˕ː˞˘ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˇː˞˘ ˒ˑ˕ˈː˙ˋ˃ˎˑ˅. ʞpˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕pˑˎˋˊˈ ˅ˑˇːˑˆˑ p˃˔˕˅ˑp˃ ˍ˃ˍˑˌ ˔ˑˎˋ ː˃ ˋːˈp˕ː˞˘ ˠˎˈˍ˕pˑˇ˃˘ ˅˞ˇˈˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˕ˑˎ˟ˍˑ ˅ˑˇˑpˑˇ ˋ ˄pˑˏ? CuBr BrOBr ʜ˃˅˞ˍˋ ˒ˑ ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˏ˖ ˋˑːˑ˅ ː˃ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˇ˃˘ ˒˓ˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋˊˈ ˅ˑˇː˞˘ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˑ˅ ˒ˑˍ˃ˊ˞˅˃ˈ˕, ˚˕ˑ ˕ˈ˔˕˞ ˚˃˜ˈ ˅˔ˈˆˑ ˋ˔˒ˑˎ˟ˊ˖ˡ˕- ˔ˢ ˅ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˏ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˈ ˇˎˢ ˒ˑˇ˅ˈˇˈːˋˢ ˋ˕ˑˆˑ˅ ˋˊ˖˚ˈːˋˢ ˇˋ˔˙ˋ˒ˎˋː˞, ːˑ ːˈ ˅ ˔˃ˏˑˏ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˈ ˠ˕ˑˆˑ ˋˊ˖˚ˈːˋˢ. ʜˈ˓ˈˇˍˑ ˇˑ ˔˅ˈˇˈːˋˢ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃ ˇˑ˅ˑˇˋ˕˔ˢ ˎˋ˛˟ ˚ˋ˔ˎˑ ˒ˑˎ˖˚ˈːː˞˘ ˋˏ ˄˃ˎˎˑ˅ – % ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞˘ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕ˑ˅. ʠ˕˖ˇˈː˕ ˑ˔˕˃ё˕˔ˢ ˅ ˒ˑˎːˑˏ ːˈ˅ˈˇˈːˋˋ ˑ˕ːˑ˔ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ ˇˑ˒˖˜ˈːː˞˘ ˋˏ ˑ˛ˋ˄ˑˍ ˋ ˚˃˔˕ˑ ˒˓ˋ ˒ˑ˅˕ˑ˓ːˑˏ ˕ˈ˔˕ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˋ ˔ˑ˅ˈ˓˛˃ˈ˕ ˕ˈ ˉˈ ˒˓ˑˏ˃˘ˋ. Вˏˈ˔˕ˈ ˔ ˕ˈˏ ˑ˄˖˚ˈːˋˈ ˒ˑ˔˓ˈˇ˔˕˅ˑˏ ˕ˈ˔˕ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˢ ˅ ˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ːˑˏ ˓ˈˉˋˏˈ, ˕.ˈ. ˔ˑ˒˓ˑ˅ˑˉ- ˇ˃ˈˏˑˈ ˃ː˃ˎˋˊˑˏ ːˈ˅ˈ˓ː˞˘ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕ˑ˅ ˔ ˒ˑˇ˓ˑ˄ː˞ˏ ˓˃ˊ˄ˑ˓ˑˏ ˑ˛ˋ˄ˑˍ, ˅˞ˊ˞˅˃ˈ˕ ˑˇːˑˊː˃˚ːˑˈ ˒ˑ˅˞- ˛ˈːˋˈ ˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕ˋ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˌ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˞ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃, ˈˆˑ ˏˑ˕ˋ˅˃˙ˋˋ ˍ ˄ˑˎˈˈ ˖˔˒ˈ˛ːˑˏ˖ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃˕˖. ʞ˓ˋ ˍˑː˔˕˓˖ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˋ ˕ˈ˔˕ˑ˅ ˋ ˓˃ˊ˓˃˄ˑ˕ˍˈ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋˍˋ ˋ˘ ˒˓ˋˏˈːˈːˋˢ ˄˞ˎˋ ˖˚˕ˈː˞ ːˈˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞ˈ ˑ˔ːˑ˅ˑ˒ˑˎ˃ˆ˃ˡ˜ˋˈ ˒˔ˋ˘ˑˎˑˆˑ-ˇˋˇ˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˃˔- ˒ˈˍ˕˞ ˕ˈ˘ːˑˎˑˆˋˋ ˕ˈ˔˕ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˢ. DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ ʝ˙ˈːˍ˃ ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ːˑ˔˕ˋ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˃ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃ ː˃ ˍ˃ˉˇˑˈ ˕ˈ˔˕ˑ˅ˑˈ ˊ˃ˇ˃ːˋˈ ˒ˑˇ˓˃ˊ˖ˏˈ˅˃ˈ˕ ˑ˓ˆ˃- ːˋˊ˃˙ˋˡ ˔˅ˑˈˑ˄˓˃ˊːˑˆˑ ˅ˋ˓˕˖˃ˎ˟ːˑˆˑ ˇˋ˃ˎˑˆ˃ ˏˈˉˇ˖ ˒˓ˈ˒ˑˇ˃˅˃˕ˈˎˈˏ ˋ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑˏ. ʡ˃ˍˑˌ ˇˋ˃ˎˑˆ ˇˑˎˉˈː ˄˞˕˟ ˇˑ˔˕˃˕ˑ˚ːˑ ˋː˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˕ˋ˅ˈː ȋ˔˕˖- ˇˈː˕˖ ˇˑˎˉːˑ ˄˞˕˟ ˒ˑːˢ˕ːˑ, ˅ ˚ёˏ ˈˆˑ ˑ˛ˋ˄ˍ˃Ȍ ˋ ˠˏˑ˙ˋˑː˃ˎˈː – ˒˓ˈ˒ˑˇ˃˅˃˕ˈˎˡ ˒˔ˋ˘ˑˎˑˆˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ ˅˃ˉːˑ ˅ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˈ ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ːˑˆˑ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˃ ˒ˑ˓˃ˇˑ˅˃˕˟- ˔ˢ ˖˔˒ˈ˘˖ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˈˏˑˆˑ, ˅ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˈ ːˈ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ːˑˆˑ – ˅˞˓˃ˊˋ˕˟ ˔˅ˑˈ ˔ˑˉ˃ˎˈːˋˈ. Пɪɚɜильный оɬɜɟɬ кɚжɞоɟ ɬɟɫɬоɜоɟ зɚɞɚниɟ полɭчɚɟɬ оɞоɛɪɟниɟ пɪɟ поɞɚɜɚɬɟля пɪɟɞложɟниɟ пɟɪɟйɬи экɫпɟɪимɟнɬɭ З˃ˏˈ˚˃˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ, ˅ˈ˓ː˞ˌ ˅˞˄ˑ˓! Дˈˌ˔˕˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ, ...» ˋˎˋ «ʤˑ˓ˑ˛ˑ. В˔ё ˅ˈ˓ːˑ. В˞ ˔ˑ˅ˈ˓˛ˈːːˑ ˔˒˓˃- ˅ˈˇˎˋ˅ˑ ...» ȋˇ˃ˎˈˈ ˔ˎˈˇ˖ˈ˕ ˑ˒ˋ˔˃ːˋˈ ˍˑːˍ˓ˈ˕ː˞˘ ˇˑ˔˕ˋˉˈːˋˌ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃Ȍ Нɟпɪɚɜильный оɬɜɟɬ мɭлиɪоɜɚн ɫɬилɟ Ж˃ˎ˟, ːˑ ˠ˕ˑ ːˈ˅ˈ˓ː˞ˌ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕! Д˃˅˃ˌ˕ˈ ˊ˃ˇ˖ˏ˃ˈˏ˔ˢ ː˃ˇ ˑ˄˝ˈˍ˕ˑˏ ˒ˑˋ˔ˍ˃ ...» ˋˎˋ «К ˔ˑˉ˃ˎˈːˋˡ, В˃˛ ˅˞˄ˑ˓ ːˈ˅ˈ˓ˈː. ʞˑˢ˔ːˡ, ˒ˑ˚ˈ- ˏ˖ ...». Д˃ˎˈˈ ˔ˎˈˇ˖ˈ˕ ˒ˑˇ˓ˑ˄ː˞ˌ ˓˃ˊ˄ˑ˓ ˑ˛ˋ˄ˍˋ ˋ ˒˓ˈˇˎˑˉˈːˋˈ ˒ˈ˓ˈˌ˕ˋ ˍ ˑ˒˓ˈˇˈˎёːːˑˌ ˆˎ˃˅ˈ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˆˑ ˒ˑ˔ˑ˄ˋˢ. В˞˓˃ˊˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ˔˕˟ ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅˖ˡ˜ˈˆˑ ˅ˋˇˈˑ˓ˢ- ˇ˃, ˔ˑ˒˓ˑ˅ˑˉˇ˃ˡ˜ˈˆˑ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃˕, ˑ˄ˈ˔˒ˈ˚ˋ˅˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˊ˅˖ˍˑ˅˞ˏ ˋ ˙˅ˈ˕ˑ˅˞ˏ ˓ˈ˛ˈːˋˈˏ: ˔˒ˑˍˑˌː˞ˏˋ ˔ˈ˓ˑ-ˆˑˎ˖˄˞ˏˋ ˕ˑː˃ˏˋ ˇˎˢ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˃ ː˃ ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ːˑˈ ˓ˈ˛ˈːˋˈ, ˋ ˒ˑ˚˕ˋ ˃ˆ˓ˈ˔˔ˋ˅ː˃ˢ ˍ˓˃˔ːˑ-ˍˑ˓ˋ˚ːˈ˅˃ˢ ˆ˃ˏˏ˃ – ˇˎˢ ːˈ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ːˑˆˑ. ʠˑˆˎ˃˔ːˑ ˍ˃ːˑː˃ˏ ˕ˈ˔˕ˑˎˑˆˋˋ, ˗ˑ˓ˏ˖ˎˋ˓ˑ˅ˍˋ ːˈ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞˘ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕ˑ˅ ːˈ ˇˑˎˉː˞ ˄˞˕˟ ˃˄˔˖˓- ˇː˞ˏˋ, ː˃˒˓ˑ˕ˋ˅, ˑːˋ ˇˑˎˉː˞ ˄˞˕˟ ˇˑ˔˕˃˕ˑ˚ːˑ ˒˓˃˅ˇˑ˒ˑˇˑ˄ː˞ˏˋ ˋ ˑ˔ːˑ˅˞˅˃˕˟˔ˢ ː˃ ˃ː˃ˎˋˊˈ ː˃- ˋ˄ˑˎˈˈ ˚˃˔˕ˑ ˅˔˕˓ˈ˚˃ˡ˜ˋ˘˔ˢ ˑ˛ˋ˄ˑˍ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑ˅ ˅ ˘ˑˇˈ ˋˊ˖˚ˈːˋˢ ˇ˃ːːˑˌ ˕ˈˏ˞. ʬ˕ˑ ˒ˑˊ˅ˑˎˢˈ˕ ˄ˑˎˈˈ ˠ˗˗ˈˍ˕ˋ˅ːˑ ˋ˔˒ˑˎ˟ˊˑ˅˃˕˟ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˡ˜˖ˡ ˗˖ːˍ˙ˋˡ ˕ˈ˔˕ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˢ ː˃˓ˢˇ˖ ˔ ˈˆˑ ˑ˄˜ˈˌ ˍˑː˕˓ˑˎˋ˓˖- ˡ˜ˈˌ ː˃˒˓˃˅ˎˈːːˑ˔˕˟ˡ. ʞ˓ˋ ˔ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːˋˋ ˕ˈ˔- ˕ˑ˅˞˘ ˊ˃ˇ˃ːˋˌ ˇˎˢ ˕ˈ˔˕-˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓ˑ˅ ː˃ˏˋ ˄˞ˎˋ ˒˓ˑ˃ː˃ˎˋˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃ː˞ ˏːˑˆˑ˚ˋ˔ˎˈːː˞ˈ ˕ˋ˒ˋ˚ː˞ˈ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˑ˛ˋ˄ˍˋ ˋ ˊ˃˄ˎ˖ˉˇˈːˋˢ ˒ˑ ˍ˃ˉˇˑˌ ˋˊ ˕ˈˏ, ˒˓ˋ ˠ˕ˑˏ ˋː˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˙ˋˑːː˞ˏ ˋ˔˕ˑ˚ːˋˍˑˏ ˇˎˢ ˒ˑˇˑ˄ːˑˆˑ ˃ː˃ˎˋˊ˃ ˒ˑ˔ˎ˖ˉˋˎ ˑ˄˛ˋ˓ː˞ˌ ˒ˈˇ˃ˆˑ- ˆˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˌ ˑ˒˞˕ ˃˅˕ˑ˓ˑ˅. ʟˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃˕˞ ˒˓ˑ˅ˈˇёːːˑˆˑ ˃ː˃ˎˋˊ˃ ˒ˑ˔ˎ˖ˉˋˎˋ ˑ˔ːˑ˅ˑˌ ˇˎˢ ˗ˑ˓ˏ˖ˎˋ˓ˑ˅ˍˋ ːˈ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞˘ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕ˑ˅ ː˃ ˕ˈ˔˕ˑ˅˞ˈ ˊ˃ˇ˃ːˋˢ. ʜ˃˓ˢˇ˖ ˔ ˕˓˃ˇˋ˙ˋˑːː˞ˏˋ ˅˞˄ˑ˓ˑ˚ː˞ˏˋ ˕ˈ˔˕˃ˏˋ, ˅ ˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓˃˘ ˋ˔˒ˑˎ˟ˊ˖ˡ˕˔ˢ ˋ ˕ˈ˔˕˞ ː˃ ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅ˋˈ. ʜ˃˒˓ˋˏˈ˓, ˅ ˕ˈˏˈ «ʟ˃˔˕˅ˑ˓˞ ˠˎˈˍ- ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅» ˕˓ˈ˄˖ˈ˕˔ˢ ː˃ˌ˕ˋ ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅ˋˈ ˏˈˉˇ˖ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˏˋ ˗ˑ˓ˏ˖ˎ˃ˏˋ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅ ˋ ˋ˘ ˒˓ˋː˃ˇˎˈˉ- ːˑ˔˕˟ˡ ˍ ˓˃ˊ˓ˢˇ˖ ˔ˋˎ˟ː˞˘ ˋ ˔ˎ˃˄˞˘ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅, ˏˑˎˈˍ˖ˎˢ˓ː˞ˏˋ ˋ ˋˑːːˑ-ˏˑˎˈˍ˖ˎˢ˓ː˞ˏˋ ˖˓˃˅ːˈ- ːˋˢˏˋ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ, ˅ ˕ˈˏˈ «ʝˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ- ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˈ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ – ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅ˋˈ ˏˈˉˇ˖ ˘ˋˏˋ- ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˏˋ ˗ˑ˓ˏ˖ˎ˃ˏˋ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅ ˋ ˋ˘ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ- ˅ˑ˔˕˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˏˋ ˔˅ˑˌ˔˕˅˃ˏˋ. ʜ˃˒˓ˋˏˈ˓: Молɟкɭляɪноɟ ɭɪɚɜнɟниɟИонно молɟкɭляɪноɟ 1CuCl 2CuCl 3CuS + 2NH 4CuSO Химичɟɫкиɟ ɮоɪмɭлы Хɚɪɚкɬɟɪ ɜоɫɫɬɚноɜиɬɟльныɯ ɫɜойɫɬɜ ɫчёɬ ɚɬомɚ Ɍолько 2SO Ɍолько ɜоɫɫɬɚноɜиɬɟль 3SO ɜоɫɫɬɚноɜиɬɟльнɚя ɞɜойɫɬɜɟнноɫɬь Ноɜыɟ мɟɬоɞики ɬɟɯнолоɝии DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 Пɟɞɚɝоɝикɚ NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ Ɍɟɫɬоɜɚя оɫноɜɚ ɬɪɟнɚжёɪоɜ ˇˑ˒ˑˎːˈː˃ ˠˎˈ- ˏˈː˕˃ˏˋ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˆˑ ˅ˋˇˈˑ- ˋ ˃˖ˇˋˑ-˅˔˕˃˅ˍ˃ˏˋ, ˅ ˊː˃˚ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ ˏˈ˓ˈ ˖˔ˋˎˋ˅˃ˡ˜ˋˏˋ ˇˋ˃ˎˑˆˑ˅˞ˌ ˘˃˓˃ˍ˕ˈ˓ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˏˈˉˇ˖ ˔˖˄˝ˈˍ˕˃ˏˋ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˆˑ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔˃ – ˒˓ˈ˒ˑˇ˃˅˃˕ˈˎˈˏ ˋ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑˏ. ʏ˖ˇˋˑ-˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˕ ˋ˔˒ˑˎ˟ˊˑ˅˃ː ˇˎˢ ˑ˙ˈːˍˋ ˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˌ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃, ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ːˑ˔˕ˋ ˋˎˋ ˑ˛ˋ˄ˑ˚ːˑ˔˕ˋ ˈˆˑ ˓ˈ˛ˈːˋˌ, ˃ ˕˃ˍˉˈ ˊ˃ˍ˃ˇ˓ˑ˅˞˘ ˍˑˏˏˈː˕˃˓ˋˈ˅ ˅ˋˇˈˑ˗˓˃ˆˏˈː˕ˑ˅ ˋ ˓˃ˊ˝ˢ˔ːˈːˋˌ ˔˖˕ˋ ˒˓ˑˋ˔˘ˑˇˢ˜ˈˆˑ ː˃ ˠˍ˓˃ːˈ. Вˋˇˈˑ-˅˔˕˃˅ˍˋ ˔ˑˇˈ˓ˉ˃˕ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˇˈˏˑː˔˕˓˃˙ˋˋ ˕ˈ˘ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˑ˅ ˋ ˢ˅ˎˈːˋˌ, ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞ˈ ˋˊ˖˚˃ˡ˕˔ˢ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑˏ. ʤˋˏˋˢ – ː˃˖ˍ˃ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˃ˎ˟ː˃ˢ. Дˈˏˑː˔˕˓˃˙ˋˑːː˞ˌ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˌ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕ ˔ ˇ˃˅ːˋ˘ ˒ˑ˓ ˋ˔˒ˑˎ˟ˊ˖ˈ˕˔ˢ ˎˈˍ˕ˑ˓˃ˏˋ ˇˎˢ ˒ˑ˅˞˛ˈ- ːˋˢ ː˃ˆˎˢˇːˑ˔˕ˋ ˒˓ˈˇ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˆˑ ˏ˃˕ˈ- ˓ˋ˃ˎ˃ ˋ ˠˏˑ˙ˋˑː˃ˎ˟ːˑ˔˕ˋ ˈˆˑ ˅ˑ˔˒˓ˋˢ˕ˋˢ ˔˕˖ˇˈː- ˕˃ˏˋ, ˅ˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕ˋ ˒ˑˍ˃ˊ˃˕˟ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃ˏ ˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˈ ˕ˈ˘ ˋˎˋ ˋː˞˘ ˊ˃ˍˑːˑ˅, ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ, ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑ˔˅ˢˊˈˌ ː˃ ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋˍˈ. ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˑ˒˞˕˞ ˊː˃ˍˑˏˢ˕ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑ˅ ˔ ˏˈ˕ˑˇ˃ˏˋ ː˃˖˚ː˞˘ ˋ˔˔ˎˈˇˑ˅˃ːˋˌ, ˒ˑˊ˅ˑˎˢˡ˕ ˋˏ ˖ˇˑ˔˕ˑ˅ˈ˓ˋ˕˟˔ˢ ˅ ˈˇˋː˔˕˅ˈ ˕ˈˑ˓ˋˋ ˋ ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋˍˋ, ˅ ˙ˈːːˑ˔˕ˋ ˑ˒˞˕˃ ˍ˃ˍ ˍ˓ˋ˕ˈ˓ˋˢ ˋ˔˕ˋːːˑ˔˕ˋ ˕ˈˑ˓ˈ- ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˒ˑˎˑˉˈːˋˌ. Вˋˇˈˑ-˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˕ ˇˈˏˑː˔˕˓˃˙ˋˌ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˑ˒˞˕ˑ˅ ˒ˑˊ˅ˑˎˢˈ˕ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˖ ˖˅ˋˇˈ˕˟ ˓ˈ˃ˎ˟ː˞ˈ, ˃ ːˈ ː˃˓ˋ˔ˑ˅˃ːː˞ˈ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔- ˔˞ ˋ ˢ˅ˎˈːˋˢ. ʬ˕ˑ ˅˞ˆˑˇːˑ ˑ˕ˎˋ˚˃ˈ˕ ˈˆˑ ˑ˕ ˏːˑˆˑ- ˚ˋ˔ˎˈːː˞˘ ˒˓ˋˏˈ˓ˑ˅ ˅ˋ˓˕˖˃ˎ˟ː˞˘ ˇˈˏˑː˔˕˓˃˙ˋ- ˑːː˞˘ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕ˑ˅, ˅˞˒ˑˎːˈːː˞˘ ˅ ˔˕ˋˎˈ ˍˑˏ˒˟ˡ˕ˈ˓ːˑˌ ˋˆ˓˞, ˋ ˅ˈ˔˟ˏ˃ ˇ˃ˎˈˍˋ˘ ˑ˕ ˓ˈ˃ˎ˟ː˞˘ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˌ. В ˚˃˔˕ːˑ˔˕ˋ, ˅ ˕ˈˏˈ «ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍ˃ˢ ˍˋːˈ˕ˋˍ˃» ˑ˒˞˕˞ ˋˎˎˡ˔˕˓ˋ˓˖ˡ˕: ˊ˃˅ˋ˔ˋˏˑ˔˕˟ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕ˋ ˘ˋˏˋ- ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˑ˕ ˒˓ˋ˓ˑˇ˞ ˓ˈ˃ˆˋ˓˖ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅ – ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˢ ˔ˈ˓ːˑˌ ˍˋ˔ˎˑ˕˞ ˔ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎ˃ˏˋ ˓˃ˊːˑˌ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕ˋ, ˒˓ˋ˔˖˕˔˕˅ˋˢ ˍ˃˕˃ˎˋˊ˃- ˕ˑ˓ˑ˅ ȋ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˢ ˓˃ˊˎˑˉˈːˋˢ ˒ˈ˓ˑˍ˔ˋˇ˃ ˅ˑˇˑ˓ˑˇ˃ ˔ ˓˃ˊː˞ˏˋ ˍ˃˕˃ˎˋˊ˃˕ˑ˓˃ˏˋȌ, ˕ˈˏ˒ˈ˓˃˕˖˓˞ ȋ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˢ ʚ˃ːˇˑˎ˟˕˃Ȍ, ˍˑː˙ˈː˕˓˃˙ˋˋ ˓ˈ˃ˆˋ˓˖ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅ ȋ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˢ ʚ˃ːˇˑˎ˟˕˃Ȍ. В ˒ˑ˔ˎˈˇːˈˏ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˈ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃ˏ ˒˓ˈˇˎ˃ˆ˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˔˃ˏˑ˔˕ˑˢ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ ˒˓ˑ˅ˈ˔˕ˋ ˋˊˏˈ˓ˈːˋˢ ˒˓ˑˏˈˉ˖˕ˍ˃ ˅˓ˈˏˈːˋ, ˊ˃ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˈ ˙˅ˈ˕ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓˃ ˓ˈˊˍˑ ˏˈːˢˈ˕˔ˢ ː˃ ˕ˈˏːˑ-˔ˋːˋˌ, ˃ ˊ˃˕ˈˏ ˓˃˔˔˚ˋ˕˃˕˟ ˑ˕ːˑ˔ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˖ˡ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕˟ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˋ ˑ˕ˑ˄˓˃ˊˋ˕˟ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃˕ ˋ˔˔ˎˈˇˑ˅˃ːˋˢ ː˃ ˆ˓˃˗ˋˍˈ. ʡˈˏ ˔˃ˏ˞ˏ ˋˏ ˒˓ˈˇˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˢˈ˕˔ˢ ˅ˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕˟ ˓ˈ˃ˎ˟ːˑ ˑˊː˃ˍˑˏˋ˕˟- ˔ˢ ˔ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˑˏ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˃ˎ˟ːˑˆˑ ˍˋːˈ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˋ˔˔ˎˈˇˑ˅˃ːˋˢ. ʬ˕ˑ ˊː˃˚ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ ˖˔ˋˎˋ˅˃ˈ˕ ˅ˑ˔˒˓ˋ- ˢ˕ˋˈ ˕ˈˑ˓ˈ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˏ˃˕ˈ˓ˋ˃ˎ˃ ˕ˈˏ˞. ʝ˒˞˕ ː˃ ˕ˈˏ˖ «ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˈ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˈ» ˇˈ- ˏˑː˔˕˓ˋ˓˖ˈ˕ ˅ˎˋˢːˋˈ ˕ˈˏ˒ˈ˓˃˕˖˓˞ ː˃ ˒ˑˎˑˉˈːˋˈ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˢ ˅ ˔ˋ˔˕ˈˏˈ 4, ∆ʜ = -57 ˍДˉ В ˇ˃ːːˑˌ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ːˑˌ ˔ˋ˔˕ˈˏˈ ˒˓ˢˏ˃ˢ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˢ ȋˇˋˏˈ˓ˋˊ˃˙ˋˢȌ ˑ˕ːˑ˔ˋ˕˔ˢ ˍ ˓˃ˊ˓ˢˇ˖ ˠˍˊˑ˕ˈ˓ˏˋ˚ˈ˔- ˍˋ˘ ȋ˔ˑ˒˓ˑ˅ˑˉˇ˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˅˞ˇˈˎˈːˋˈˏ ˕ˈ˒ˎ˃Ȍ, ˑ˄˓˃˕- ː˞ˌ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ ˢ˅ˎˢˈ˕˔ˢ ˠːˇˑ˕ˈ˓ˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˏ ȋ˔ˑ˒˓ˑ- ˅ˑˉˇ˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˒ˑˆˎˑ˜ˈːˋˈˏ ˕ˈ˒ˎ˃Ȍ. ʝ˒ˑˊː˃˅˃˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˏ ˊː˃ˍˑˏ ː˃˒˓˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ ˔ˏˈ˜ˈːˋˢ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˢ ˅ ˠ˕ˑˌ ˔ˋ˔˕ˈˏˈ ˔ˎ˖ˉˋ˕ ˋˊˏˈːˈːˋˈ ˙˅ˈ˕˃: ˇˋˑˍ˔ˋˇ ˃ˊˑ˕˃ ˋˏˈˈ˕ ˉˈˎ˕ˑ-˄˖˓˖ˡ ˑˍ˓˃˔ˍ˖, ˕ˑˆˇ˃ ˍ˃ˍ ˈˆˑ ˇˋˏˈ˓ ˒ˑ˚˕ˋ ˄ˈ˔˙˅ˈ˕ˈː ȋ˔ˎ˃˄ˑ-ˉˈˎ˕˃ˢ ˑˍ˓˃˔ˍ˃Ȍ. И˔˘ˑˇː˃ˢ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ː˃ˢ ˔ˏˈ˔˟ ˊ˃˒˃ˢː˃ ˅ ˔˕ˈˍˎˢːː˖ˡ ˕˓˖˄ˍ˖, ˍˑː˙˞ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˌ ˓˃ˊˇ˖˕˞ ˅ ˗ˑ˓ˏˈ ˛˃˓ˑ˅. ʧ˃˓˞ ˑ˒˖˔ˍ˃ˡ˕ ˅ ˔˕˃ˍ˃ː˞, ˑˇˋː ˋˊ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞ˌ ː˃˒ˑˎːˈː ˆˑ˓ˢ˚ˈˌ ˅ˑˇˑˌ, ˃ ˅˕ˑ˓ˑˌ – ˏˈˎˍˑ ː˃ˍˑˎˑ˕˞ˏ ˎ˟ˇˑˏ. ʞˑ ˋˊˏˈːˈːˋˡ ˙˅ˈ˕˃ ˆ˃ˊˑ˅ˑˌ ˔ˏˈ˔ˋ ˏˑˉːˑ ˔˖ˇˋ˕˟ ˑ ː˃˒˓˃˅ˎˈːˋˋ ˔ˏˈ˜ˈːˋˢ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˢ ˒˓ˋ ˋˊˏˈːˈːˋˋ ˕ˈˏ˒ˈ˓˃˕˖˓ːˑˆˑ ˓ˈˉˋˏ˃: ˅ ˆˑ˓ˢ˚ˈˌ ˅ˑˇˈ ˑˍ˓˃˔ˍ˃ ˔ˏˈ˔ˋ ˖ˆˎ˖˄ˎˢˈ˕˔ˢ ˋ ˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕˔ˢ ˉёˎ- ˕ˑ-˄˖˓ˑˌ ȋ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˈ ˔ˏˈ˜˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˔˒˓˃˅˃ ː˃ˎˈ˅ˑȌ, ˕ˑˆˇ˃ ˍ˃ˍ ˈё ˑ˘ˎ˃ˉˇˈːˋˈ ˒˓ˋ˅ˑˇˋ˕ ˍ ˑ˄ˈ˔˙˅ˈ˚ˋ˅˃- ːˋˡ ˆ˃ˊˑ˅ˑˌ ˔ˏˈ˔ˋ ȋ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˈ ˔ˏˈ˜˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˔ˎˈ˅˃ ː˃˒˓˃˅ˑȌ. Е˔ˎˋ ˒ˑˏˈːˢ˕˟ ˛˃˓˞ ˏˈ˔˕˃ˏˋ, ˒˓ˑˋ˔˘ˑ- ˇˋ˕ ˑ˄˓˃˕ːˑˈ ˋˊˏˈːˈːˋˈ ˑˍ˓˃˔ˍˋ. ʝ˒˞˕ ˒ˑˊ˅ˑˎˢˈ˕ ˒˓ˑˇˈˏˑː˔˕˓ˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍ˖ˡ ˅ˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕˟ ˖˒˓˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ ˘ˑˇˑˏ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔˃ ˒˖˕ёˏ ˔ˏˈ˜ˈːˋˢ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˢ ˅ ˊ˃ˇ˃ːːˑˏ ː˃˒˓˃˅ˎˈːˋˋ. К˓ˑˏˈ ˕ˑˆˑ ˒ˑˇˑ˄ː˃ˢ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍ˃ˢ ˇˈˏˑː˔˕˓˃˙ˋˢ ˔˅ˢˊ˃ː˃ ˔ ˋˊ˅ˈ˔˕ːˑˌ ˠˍˑˎˑˆˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˒˓ˑ˄ˎˈˏˑˌ: ˅˞˄˓ˑ˔˞ ˅ ˃˕ˏˑ˔˗ˈ˓˖ ˇˋˑˍ˔ˋˇ˃ ˃ˊˑ˕˃ ː˃ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˒˓ˈˇ˒˓ˋˢ˕ˋˢ˘ ȋ˕˃ˍ ː˃ˊ˞˅˃ˈˏ˞ˌ «ˎˋ˔ˋˌ ˘˅ˑ˔˕»Ȍ ˑ˔ˑ˄ˈːːˑ ˊ˃ˏˈ˕ː˞ ˎˈ˕ˑˏ, ˕˃ˍ ˍ˃ˍ ˅ ˅˞˄˓ˑ˔˃˘ ˅ˑˊ˓˃˔˕˃ˈ˕ ˍˑː˙ˈː˕˓˃˙ˋˢ ˏˑːˑˏˈ˓ːˑˌ ˗ˑ˓ˏ˞. ʝˍ˔ˋˇ ˃ˊˑ˕˃ V, ˒ˑ˒˃ˇ˃ˡ˜ˋˌ ˅ ˃˕ˏˑ˔˗ˈ˓˖, ˒˓ˈˇ˔˕˃˅ˎˢˈ˕ ˔ˈ˓˟ёˊː˖ˡ ˖ˆ˓ˑˊ˖ ˇˎˢ ˠˍˑˎˑˆˋ˚ˈ˔- ˍˑˌ ˔ˋ˕˖˃˙ˋˋ, ˕˃ˍ ˍ˃ˍ ˢ˅ˎˢˈ˕˔ˢ ˇˑ˅ˑˎ˟ːˑ ˕ˑˍ- ˔ˋ˚ː˞ˏ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅ˑˏ, ˃ ˕˃ˍˉˈ ˔˒ˑ˔ˑ˄ˈː ˅˞ˊ˞˅˃˕˟ ˍˋ˔ˎˑ˕ː˞ˈ ˇˑˉˇˋ. ʡˈˏ˃ «ʟ˃˔˕˅ˑ˓˞ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅» ˔ˑˇˈ˓ˉˋ˕ ˊ˃ˇ˃ːˋˢ ˒ˑ ˒ˑˇ˄ˑ˓˖ ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕ˑ˅ ˇˎˢ ˑ˄ˏˈːːˑˆˑ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ, ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞ˈ ˒˓ˈˇ˒ˑˎ˃ˆ˃ˡ˕ ˊː˃ːˋˈ ˖˔ˎˑ˅ˋˌ, ˒˓ˋ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞˘ ˒ˑˇˑ˄ː˞ˈ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˏˑˆ˖˕ ˒˓ˑˋ˔˘ˑˇˋ˕˟. ʝ˕ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑ˅ ˑˉˋˇ˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˖ˏˈ- ːˋˈ ˇˈˎ˃˕˟ ˒ˑˇˑ˄ː˞ˈ ˒˓ˑˆːˑˊ˞, ˃ː˃ˎˋˊˋ˓˖ˢ ˆˋ˒ˑ- ˕ˈ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˒˓ˑˇ˖ˍ˕˞ ˑ˄ˏˈːː˞˘ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˌ ˋ DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ ˑ˕˄ˋ˓˃ˢ ˔˓ˈˇˋ ːˋ˘ ˕ˈ, ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞ˈ ˑ˕ːˑ˔ˢ˕˔ˢ ˍ ˓˃ˊ˓ˢˇ˖ ˏ˃ˎˑ- ˋˎˋ ˕˓˖ˇːˑ-˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˋˏ˞˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅, ˆ˃ˊˑ˅ ˋˎˋ ˔ˎ˃˄˞˘ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅. ʞ˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞ˌ ˅˞˄ˑ˓ ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕ˑ˅ ˒ˑˊ˅ˑˎˢˈ˕ ˖˅ˋˇˈ˕˟ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˌ ˑ˒˞˕, ˇˈˏˑː˔˕˓ˋ˓˖ˡ˜ˋˌ ˒˓ˑ˕ˈˍ˃ːˋˈ ˠ˕ˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ. Дˎˢ ˅ˋˇˈˑ-ˇˈˏˑː˔˕˓˃˙ˋˌ ˒ˑˇˑ˄˓˃ː˞ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ, ˔ˑ˒˓ˑ- ˅ˑˉˇ˃ˡ˜ˋˈ˔ˢ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃ːˋˈˏ ˑˍ˓˃˛ˈːː˞˘ ˑ˔˃ˇˍˑ˅ ˋˎˋ ˆ˃ˊˑˑ˄˓˃ˊː˞˘ ˒˓ˑˇ˖ˍ˕ˑ˅. ʡˈ˔˕-˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓˞ ˒˓ˈˇ˔˕˃˅ˎˈː˞ ˅ ˎˑˍ˃ˎ˟ːˑˌ ˅ˈ˓˔ˋˋ ȋ˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˕ DVD-˅ˋˇˈˑȌ, ˃ ˕˃ˍˉˈ ˏˑˆ˖˕ ˄˞˕˟ ˓˃ˊˏˈ˜ˈː˞ ˅ ˒˓ˑˆ˓˃ˏˏːˑˌ ˔˓ˈˇˈ MOODE, ˚˕ˑ ˒ˑˊ- ˅ˑˎˢˈ˕ ˑ˓ˆ˃ːˋˊˑ˅˃˕˟ ˋ˘ ːˈ˒ˑ˔˓ˈˇ˔˕˅ˈːː˖ˡ ˔˅ˢˊ˟ ˔ ˕ˈˑ˓ˈ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˏ ˖˚ˈ˄ː˞ˏ ˏ˃˕ˈ˓ˋ˃ˎˑˏ ˒ˑ˔˓ˈˇ˔˕˅ˑˏ ˆˋ˒ˈ˓˔˔˞ˎˑˍ. В ˒ˑ˔ˎˈˇːˈˏ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˈ ˕ˈ˔˕-˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓˞ ˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ːˑ ˅˒ˋ˔˞˅˃ˡ˕˔ˢ ˅ ˈˇˋː˞ˌ ˍˑˏ˒ˎˈˍ˔ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑːː˞˘ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟ː˞˘ ˓ˈ˔˖˓˔ˑ˅ ˇˋ˔˙ˋ˒ˎˋː˞, ˅ˍˎˡ˚˃ˡ- ˜ˋˌ ˑ˒ˑ˓ː˞ˌ ˍˑː˔˒ˈˍ˕, ˎ˃˄ˑ˓˃˕ˑ˓ː˞ˌ ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋˍ˖ˏ, ˍˑː˕˓ˑˎ˟ːˑˈ ˊ˃ˇ˃ːˋˈ, ˆˎˑ˔˔˃˓ˋˌ, ˄ˋˑˆ˓˃˗ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˌ ˔˒˓˃˅ˑ˚ːˋˍ, ˕ˈ˔˕ˑ˅˞ˈ ˊ˃ˇ˃ːˋˢ ˒ˑ ˕ˈˏ˃ˏ ˎ˃˄ˑ˓˃˕ˑ˓- ː˞˘ ˓˃˄ˑ˕, ˠˍˊ˃ˏˈː˃˙ˋˑːː˞ˌ ˕ˈ˔˕ ˒ˑ ˇˋ˔˙ˋ˒ˎˋːˈ. ʠ˕˖ˇˈː˕˞ ˏˑˆ˖˕ ˕˃ˍˉˈ ˅ˑ˔˒ˑˎ˟ˊˑ˅˃˕˟˔ˢ ˅ˋˇˈˑ- ˎˈˍ˙ˋˢˏˋ ˒ˑ ˘ˋˏˋˋ, ˓˃ˊˏˈ˜ˈːː˞ˏˋ ː˃ ˅ˋˇˈˑ˒ˑ˓- ˕˃ˎˈ ouTube. ʢ˚ˈ˄ː˃ˢ ˋː˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˙ˋˢ ˓˃ˊˏˈ˜ˈː˃ ː˃ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˏ ˔˃ˌ˕ˈ ˖ːˋ˅ˈ˓˔ˋ˕ˈ˕˃ ˅ ˒˓ˑˆ˓˃ˏˏːˑˌ ˔˓ˈˇˈ MOODE ˅ ˏˑˇ˖ˎ˟ːˑ-˔˕˓˖ˍ˕˖˓ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːːˑˏ ˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˕ˈ – ˅ ˅ˋˇˈ ˑ˄ˑ˔ˑ˄ˎˈːː˞˘ ˋː˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˙ˋˑːː˞˘ ˏˑˇ˖ˎˈˌ ˇˎˢ ˒ˑ˛˃ˆˑ˅ˑˆˑ ˋˊ˖˚ˈːˋˢ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˌ ˇˋ˔˙ˋ˒ˎˋː˞. ʠ˙ˈː˃˓ˋˌ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˞ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃ ˔ ˕ˈ˔˕-˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓ˑˏ ˒ˑˇ˓˃ˊ˖ˏˈ˅˃ˈ˕ ˔ˎˈˇ˖ˡ˜ˋˈ ˅ˋˇ˞ ˈˆˑ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˌ ˇˈˢ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ˔˕ˋ. ʞˈ˓˅ˑː˃˚˃ˎ˟ːˑ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ ˒ˑˎ˖˚˃ˈ˕ ˖ˍ˃ˊ˃ːˋˢ ˒ˑ ˕ˈˑ˓ˈ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˏ ˑ˔ːˑ˅˃ˏ ˍ˃ˉˇˑˌ ˕ˈˏ˞: ˅ ˓˖˄˓ˋˍˈ «ʡˈˑ˓ˈ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˒ˑˎˑˉˈːˋˢ» ˒˓ˋ˅ˑˇˢ˕˔ˢ ˒ˈ˓ˈ˚ːˋ ˒ˑːˢ˕ˋˌ, ˕ˈ˓ˏˋːˑ˅, ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ, ˊ˃ˍˑːˑ˅ ˋ ˒˓., ˊː˃ːˋˈ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞˘ ːˈˑ˄˘ˑˇˋˏˑ ˇˎˢ ˖˔˅ˑˈːˋˢ ˇ˃ːːˑˌ ˕ˈˏ˞. Д˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˔˔˞ˎˍ˃ ː˃ ˋ˔˕ˑ˚ːˋˍˋ ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅˖ˡ˜ˈˌ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˌ ˋː˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˙ˋˋ, ˄˃ˊˑ˅ˑˌ ˑ˔ːˑ˅ˑˌ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞˘ ˢ˅ˎˢˈ˕˔ˢ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑːː˞ˌ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˋˍ И.ʏ. ʞ˓ˈ˔˔ «ʤˋˏˋˢ. Иː˕ˈ˓˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ː˞ˌ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˋˍ» ȋŠttp://cataŽog.‹nforeg. ru/ net/ etEœ‹neB› D/3036ͻ6Ȍ. В ˚˃˔˕ːˑ˔˕ˋ, ˑ˔˅ˑˈːˋˈ ˕ˈˏ˞ «ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍ˃ˢ ˍˋːˈ˕ˋˍ˃» ˅ˍˎˡ˚˃ˈ˕ ˊː˃ːˋˈ ˋ ˒ˑːˋˏ˃ːˋˈ ˒ˑːˢ- ˕ˋˢ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕ˋ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ, ˑ˔ˑ˄ˈːːˑ˔˕ˈˌ ˆˑˏˑˆˈːː˞˘ ˋ ˆˈ˕ˈ˓ˑˆˈːː˞˘ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˅ˊ˃ˋ- ˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˌ, ˊ˃ˍˑː˃ ˇˈˌ˔˕˅˖ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˏ˃˔˔, ˅ˎˋˢːˋˈ ˅ːˈ˛ːˋ˘ ˗˃ˍ˕ˑ˓ˑ˅ ː˃ ˅ˈˎˋ˚ˋː˖ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕ˋ ˘ˋˏˋ- ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ; ˕ˈˏ˃ «ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˈ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˈ» ˒ˑˇ˓˃ˊ˖ˏˈ˅˃ˈ˕ ˋˊ˖˚ˈːˋˈ ˒˓ˋː˙ˋ˒˃ ʚˈ ʧ˃˕ˈˎ˟ˈ ˋ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋˍˋ ˈˆˑ ˒˓ˋˏˈːˈːˋˢ ˇˎˢ ˒˓ˑˆːˑˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˢ ː˃˒˓˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ ˔ˏˈ˜ˈːˋˢ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˓˃˅ːˑ˅ˈ˔ˋˢ ˒˓ˋ ˋˊˏˈːˈːˋˋ ˅ːˈ˛ːˋ˘ ˖˔ˎˑ˅ˋˌ; ʡˈˑ˓ˈ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˏˋ ˑ˔ːˑ˅˃ˏˋ ˕ˈˏ˞ «ʟ˃˔˕˅ˑ˓˞ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅» ˢ˅ˎˢ- ˈ˕˔ˢ ˕ˈˑ˓ˋˢ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˇˋ˔˔ˑ˙ˋ˃˙ˋˋ, ˒ˑːˢ˕ˋˈ ˔ˋˎ˟ː˞˘ ˋ ˔ˎ˃˄˞˘ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅, ˒˓˃˅ˋ- ˎ˃ ˔ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ ˋˑːːˑ-ˏˑˎˈˍ˖ˎˢ˓ː˞˘ ˖˓˃˅ːˈːˋˌ ˑ˄ˏˈːː˞˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˌ ˅ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓˃˘ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅, ˖˔ˎˑ˅ˋˌ ˑ˔˖˜ˈ˔˕˅ˎˈːˋˢ ˠ˕ˋ˘ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˌ; ˕ˈˏ˃ «ʝˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˈ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˅ˍˎˡ˚˃ˈ˕ ˑ˔ːˑ˅ː˞ˈ ˒ˑːˢ˕ˋˢ ˕ˈˑ˓ˋˋ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˢ- ˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˎˈːˋˢ ˋ ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˈ ˑ˔˅ˑˈːˋˈ ˏˈ˕ˑˇ˃ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑːːˑˆˑ ˄˃ˎ˃ː˔˃. ʡˈˑ˓ˈ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˒ˑˎˑˉˈːˋˢ ˕ˈˏ˞ «ʝ˔ːˑ˅˞ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋˋ» ˅ˍˎˡ˚˃ˡ˕ ˑ˔ːˑ˅- ː˞ˈ ˒ˑːˢ˕ˋˢ ˋ ˊ˃ˍˑːˑˏˈ˓ːˑ˔˕ˋ, ˒˓ˑˢ˅ˎˢˡ˜ˋˈ˔ˢ ˒˓ˋ ˓˃˄ˑ˕ˈ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˋ˔˕ˑ˚ːˋˍˑ˅ ˕ˑˍ˃, ˅ ˒˓ˑ- ˙ˈ˔˔ˈ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˍˑ˓˓ˑˊˋˋ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˑ˅, ˅ ˘ˑˇˈ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˇː˞˘ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˑ˅, ˒˓ˑ˕ˈˍ˃ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˒˓ˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋˊˈ. Д˃ˎˈˈ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˖ ˒˓ˈˇˎ˃ˆ˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˕ˈ˔˕, ˒ˑˊ˅ˑˎˢ- ˡ˜ˋˌ ˑ˙ˈːˋ˕˟ ˖˓ˑ˅ˈː˟ ˈˆˑ ˒ˑˇˆˑ˕ˑ˅ˎˈːːˑ˔˕ˋ ˒ˑ ˇ˃ːːˑˌ ˕ˈˏˈ. ʞˑˎˑˉˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˌ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃˕ ˕ˈ˔˕ˋ˓ˑ- ˅˃ːˋˢ ˒ˑˊ˅ˑˎˢˈ˕ ˒ˈ˓ˈˌ˕ˋ ˍ ˔ˎˈˇ˖ˡ˜ˈˏ˖ ˠ˕˃˒˖, ː˃ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˏ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˈˏ˞ˌ ˒ˑˎ˖˚˃ˈ˕ ˕ˑ ˋˎˋ ˋːˑˈ ˍˑːˍ˓ˈ˕- ːˑˈ ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˈ ˊ˃ˇ˃ːˋˈ. В˞˒ˑˎːˈːˋˈ ˊ˃ˇ˃ːˋˌ ˕˃ˍˉˈ ˒˓ˑˋˊ˅ˑˇˋ˕˔ˢ ˅ ˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˕ˈ ˕ˈ˔˕ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˢ. ʡ˃ˍ, ˅ ˕ˈˏˈ «ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍ˃ˢ ˍˋːˈ˕ˋˍ˃» ˊ˃ˇ˃ːˋˈ ˒˓ˈˇ˖˔ˏ˃˕˓ˋ˅˃ˈ˕ ˑ˕˓˃˄ˑ˕ˍ˖ ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋˍˋ ˒ˎ˃ːˋ˓ˑ- ˅˃ːˋˢ ˍˋːˈ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˃. ЗʏДʏʜИЕ ˕ˈˏˈ ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍ˃ˢ ˍˋːˈ˕ˋˍ˃ . ʞˎ˃ːˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˈ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˃ «В˃ˏ ˒˓ˈˇ˔˕ˑˋ˕ ˔˒ˎ˃ːˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˞ ˒ˑ ˋˊ˖˚ˈːˋˡ ˊ˃˅ˋ˔ˋˏˑ˔˕ˋ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕ˋ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˑ˕ ˅ːˈ˛ːˋ˘ ˗˃ˍ˕ˑ˓ˑ˅. И˕˃ˍ, ˏ˞ ˘ˑ˕ˋˏ ˒ˑ˔˕˃˅ˋ˕˟ ˕˃ˍˑˌ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˌ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕, ˅ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃˕ˈ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˆˑ ˏˑˉːˑ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕ˋ˕˟ ː˃ ˔ˎˈˇ˖- ˡ˜ˋˌ ˅ˑ˒˓ˑ˔: ˍ˃ˍ ˊ˃˅ˋ˔ˋ˕ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕˟ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˑ˕ ˕ˑˆˑ ˋˎˋ ˋːˑˆˑ ˗˃ˍ˕ˑ˓˃ ȋ˒˓ˋ˓ˑˇ˞ ˓ˈ˃ˆˋ˓˖ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅, ˕ˈˏ˒ˈ˓˃˕˖˓˞, ˍˑː˙ˈː˕- ˓˃˙ˋˋ ˓ˈ˃ˆˋ˓˖ˡ˜ˋ˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅, ˍ˃˕˃ˎˋˊ˃˕ˑ˓ˑ˅Ȍ. В ˊ˃˅ˋ˔ˋˏˑ˔˕ˋ ˑ˕ ˕ˑˆˑ, ˍ˃ˍˑˌ ˗˃ˍ˕ˑ˓ ˢ˅ˎˢˈ˕˔ˢ ˙ˈˎ˟ˡ ˋ˔˔ˎˈˇˑ˅˃ːˋˢ, ːˈˑ˄˘ˑˇˋˏˑ ˑ˒˓ˈˇˈˎˋ˕˟˔ˢ ˔ ˅˞˄ˑ˓ˑˏ ˅˃˓˟ˋ˓˖ˈˏˑˆˑ ˒˃˓˃ˏˈ˕˓˃. ʜ˃˒˓ˋˏˈ˓, ˈ˔ˎˋ ˏ˞ ˘ˑ˕ˋˏ ˖˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕˟ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˃ˎ˟ː˞ˏ ˒˖˕ёˏ, ˍ˃ˍ ˊ˃˅ˋ˔ˋ˕ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕˟ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˅ ˆ˃ˊˑ˅ˑˌ ˗˃ˊˈ ˑ˕ ˅ːˈ˛ːˈˆˑ ˇ˃˅ˎˈːˋˢ, ː˃ˏ ːˈˑ˄˘ˑˇˋˏˑ ˅˃˓˟ˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˋˏˈːːˑ ˠ˕ˑ˕ ˒˃˓˃ˏˈ˕˓ – ˇ˃˅ˎˈːˋˈ. ʬ˕ˑ ˑˊː˃˚˃ˈ˕, Ноɜыɟ мɟɬоɞики ɬɟɯнолоɝии DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 Пɟɞɚɝоɝикɚ NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ ˚˕ˑ ːˈˑ˄˘ˑˇˋˏˑ ˒˓ˑ˅ˈ˔˕ˋ ˑˇː˖ ˋ ˕˖ ˉˈ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˡ ˅ ˆ˃ˊˑ˅ˑˌ ˗˃ˊˈ ːˈ˔ˍˑˎ˟ˍˑ ˓˃ˊ, ˍ˃ˉˇ˞ˌ ˓˃ˊ ˏˈːˢˢ ˇ˃˅ˎˈːˋˈ ˆ˃ˊˑ˅ˑˌ ˔ˏˈ˔ˋ. Иˊˏˈ˓ˢˢ ˒˓ˋ ˠ˕ˑˏ ˅ˈˎˋ˚ˋ- ː˖ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕ˋ, ˏ˞ ˏˑˉˈˏ ˅˞ˢ˅ˋ˕˟ ˊ˃ˍˑːˑˏˈ˓ːˑ˔˕˟, ˒ˑ˔˕˓ˑˋ˅, ː˃˒˓ˋˏˈ˓, ˆ˓˃˗ˋˍ ˊ˃˅ˋ˔ˋˏˑ˔˕ˋ ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕ˋ ˑ˕ ˋˊ˖˚˃ˈˏˑˆˑ ˒˃˓˃ˏˈ˕˓˃. В˞ ˇˑˎˉː˞ ˒ˑˇˑ˄˓˃˕˟ ˇˎˢ ˍ˃ˉˇˑˆˑ ˋˊ˖˚˃- ˈˏˑˆˑ ˗˃ˍ˕ˑ˓˃ ˔ˑˇˈ˓ˉ˃ːˋˈ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˃ˎ˟ːˑˌ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˞, ˅˞˄˓˃˅ ˑˇˋː ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞ˌ ˅˃˓ˋ˃ː˕ ˋˊ ˒ˢ˕ˋ ˒˓ˈˇˎˑˉˈːː˞˘. В ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˈ ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ːˑˆˑ ˅˞˄ˑ˓˃ В˞ ˖˅ˋˇˋ˕ˈ ˔˃ˏ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕ ˋ ˒˓ˋˏˈ˕ˈ ˅ ːёˏ ˖˚˃˔˕ˋˈ. К˃ˍ ˉˈ ˒ˑ˔˕˓ˑˋ˕˟ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕, ˚˕ˑ˄˞ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕ˋ˕˟ ː˃ ˒ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːː˞ˌ ˅ˑ˒˓ˑ˔? В˞˄ˋ˓˃ˌ˕ˈ ˒ˑˇ˘ˑˇˢ˜ˋˌ ˅˃˓ˋ˃ː˕!». ʞ˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞ˌ ˅˞˄ˑ˓ ˒ˑˊ˅ˑˎˢˈ˕ ˑ˄˖˚˃- ˈˏˑˏ˖ ˖˅ˋˇˈ˕˟ ˅ˋˇˈˑ˗˓˃ˆˏˈː˕ ˔ ˇˈˏˑː˔˕˓˃˙ˋˈˌ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˃. ʜˈ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞ˌ ˅˞˄ˑ˓ ˒˓ˋ˅ˑˇˋ˕ ˍ ˒ˑˢ˅ˎˈːˋˡ ˃˖ˇˋˑ-ˍˑˏˏˈː˕˃˓ˋˢ, ˔ˑˇˈ˓ˉ˃˜ˈˆˑ ˖ˍ˃ˊ˃ːˋˢ ː˃ ˑ˛ˋ˄ˑ˚ːˑ˔˕˟ ˓˃˔˔˖ˉˇˈːˋˌ ˋ ˔˔˞ˎˍˋ ː˃ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˋˍ. З˃ˇ˃ːˋˢ ː˃ ˕ˈˏ˖ «ʟ˃˔˕˅ˑ˓˞ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅» ˒˓ˈˇ˒ˑˎ˃ˆ˃ˡ˕ ˒ˑˇ˄ˑ˓ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ˑ˅, ːˈˑ˄˘ˑˇˋ- ˏ˞˘ ˇˎˢ ˒˓ˑ˅ˈˇˈːˋˢ ˕ˈ˘ ˋˎˋ ˋː˞˘ ˑ˄ˏˈːː˞˘ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˌ. ЗʏДʏʜИЕ ˕ˈˏˈ ʟ˃˔˕˅ˑ˓˞ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕ˑ˅ ˕˓ˋ ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞˘ ˅˃˓ˋ˃ː˕˃ 1. ʞˑˇ˄ˈ˓ˋ˕ˈ ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕˞ ˇˎˢ ˖˚˃˔˕ˋˢ ˅ ˓ˈ˃ˍ- ˙ˋˋ ˔ ˋˑˇˋˇˑˏ ˍ˃ˎˋˢ ȋ Ȍ: ʞ˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞ˏˋ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˃ˏˋ ˢ˅ˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˞ 2, 3 ˋ 4, ˕˃ˍ ˍ˃ˍ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˠ˕ˋ˘ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˔ˑˈˇˋːˈːˋˌ ˔ ˋˑˇˋˇˑˏ ˍ˃ˎˋˢ ˔ˑ˒˓ˑ˅ˑˉˇ˃ˡ˕˔ˢ ˑ˄- ˓˃ˊˑ˅˃ːˋˈˏ ˕˓˖ˇːˑ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˋˏ˞˘ ˋˑˇˋˇˑ˅ ˔˅ˋː˙˃, ˔ˈ˓ˈ˄˓˃ ˋ ˓˕˖˕ˋ, ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅ˈːːˑ. Вˑ ˅˔ˈ˘ ˇ˓˖ˆˋ˘ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˢ˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˒˓ˑˋ˔˘ˑˇˋ˕˟ ːˈ ˏˑˆ˖˕: ˒˓ˈˇ˒ˑ- ˎ˃ˆ˃ˈˏ˞ˈ ˒˓ˑˇ˖ˍ˕˞ ˑ˄ˏˈːːˑˆˑ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˢ˅ˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˔ˋˎ˟ː˞ˏˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕˃ˏˋ, ˘ˑ˓ˑ˛ˑ ˓˃˔- ˕˅ˑ˓ˋˏ˞ˏˋ ˅ ˅ˑˇˈ. 2. ʞˑˇ˄ˈ˓ˋ˕ˈ ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕˞ ˇˎˢ ˖˚˃˔˕ˋˢ ˅ ˓ˈ˃ˍ- ˙ˋˋ ˔ ˘ˎˑ˓ˋˇˑˏ ˄˃˓ˋˢ ȋBaCŽ ʞ˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞ˏˋ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˃ˏˋ ˢ˅ˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˞ 1, 3 ˋ 4, ˕˃ˍ ˍ˃ˍ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˠ˕ˋ˘ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˔ˑ- ˈˇˋːˈːˋˌ ˔ ˘ˎˑ˓ˋˇˑˏ ˄˃˓ˋˢ ˔ˑ˒˓ˑ˅ˑˉˇ˃ˡ˕˔ˢ ˑ˄- ˓˃ˊˑ˅˃ːˋˈˏ ˕˓˖ˇːˑ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˋˏ˞˘ ˔˖ˎ˟˗˃˕˃ ˄˃˓ˋˢ, ˘ˎˑ˓ˋˇ˃ ˔ˈ˓ˈ˄˓˃, ˘˓ˑˏ˃˕ˑˏ ˄˃˓ˋˢ, ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅ˈːːˑ. Вˑ ˅˔ˈ˘ ˇ˓˖ˆˋ˘ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˢ˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˒˓ˑˋ˔˘ˑˇˋ˕˟ ːˈ ˏˑˆ˖˕: ˒˓ˈˇ˒ˑˎ˃ˆ˃ˈˏ˞ˈ ˒˓ˑˇ˖ˍ˕˞ ˑ˄ˏˈːːˑˆˑ ˅ˊ˃- ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˢ˅ˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˔ˋˎ˟ː˞ˏˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕˃ˏˋ, ˘ˑ˓ˑ˛ˑ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˋˏ˞ˏˋ ˅ ˅ˑˇˈ. 3. ʞˑˇ˄ˈ˓ˋ˕ˈ ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕˞ ˇˎˢ ˖˚˃˔˕ˋˢ ˅ ˓ˈ˃ˍ- ˙ˋˋ ˔ ˔˖ˎ˟˗˃˕ˑˏ ːˋˍˈˎˢ ȋ Ȍ ȋN‹SO ʞ˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞ˏˋ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˃ˏˋ ˢ˅ˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˑ˕˅ˈ- ˕˞ 1, 3 ˋ 5, ˕˃ˍ ˍ˃ˍ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˠ˕ˋ˘ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔- ˍˋ˘ ˔ˑˈˇˋːˈːˋˌ ˔ ˔˖ˎ˟˗˃˕ˑˏ ːˋˍˈˎˢ ȋ Ȍ ˔ˑ˒˓ˑ- ˅ˑˉˇ˃ˡ˕˔ˢ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃ːˋˈˏ ˕˓˖ˇːˑ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˋˏ˞˘ ˔˖ˎ˟˗˃˕˃ ˄˃˓ˋˢ, ˆˋˇ˓ˑˍ˔ˋˇ˃ ːˋˍˈˎˢ ȋ Ȍ, ˔˖ˎ˟˗˃˕˃ ˔ˈ˓ˈ˄˓˃, ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅ˈːːˑ. Вˑ ˅˔ˈ˘ ˇ˓˖ˆˋ˘ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˢ˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˒˓ˑˋ˔˘ˑˇˋ˕˟ ːˈ ˏˑˆ˖˕: ˒˓ˈˇ˒ˑˎ˃ˆ˃ˈˏ˞ˈ ˒˓ˑˇ˖ˍ˕˞ ˑ˄ˏˈːːˑˆˑ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˢ˅ˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˔ˋˎ˟ː˞ˏˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕˃ˏˋ, ˘ˑ˓ˑ˛ˑ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˋˏ˞- ˏˋ ˅ ˅ˑˇˈ. 4. ʞˑˇ˄ˈ˓ˋ˕ˈ ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕˞ ˇˎˢ ˖˚˃˔˕ˋˢ ˅ ˓ˈ˃ˍ- ˙ˋˋ ˔ ˘ˎˑ˓ˋˇˑˏ ˏˈˇˋ ȋ Ȍ ȋCuCŽ DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ Pb(NO ʞ˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞ˏˋ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˃ˏˋ ˢ˅ˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˞ 3, 4 ˋ 5, ˕˃ˍ ˍ˃ˍ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˠ˕ˋ˘ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˔ˑˈˇˋːˈːˋˌ ˔ ˘ˎˑ˓ˋˇˑˏ ˏˈˇˋ ȋ Ȍ ˔ˑ˒˓ˑ˅ˑˉˇ˃ˡ˕˔ˢ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃ːˋˈˏ ˕˓˖ˇːˑ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˋˏ˞˘ ˔˖ˎ˟˗ˋˇ˃ ˏˈ- ˇˋ ȋ Ȍ, ˘ˎˑ˓ˋˇ˃ ˔˅ˋː˙˃ ȋ Ȍ, ˆˋˇ˓ˑˍ˔ˋˇ˃ ˏˈˇˋ ȋ Ȍ, ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅ˈːːˑ. Вˑ ˅˔ˈ˘ ˇ˓˖ˆˋ˘ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˢ˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˒˓ˑˋ˔˘ˑˇˋ˕˟ ːˈ ˏˑˆ˖˕: ˒˓ˈˇ˒ˑˎ˃ˆ˃ˈˏ˞ˈ ˒˓ˑˇ˖ˍ˕˞ ˑ˄ˏˈːːˑˆˑ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˢ˅ˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˔ˋˎ˟ː˞ˏˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕˃ˏˋ, ˘ˑ˓ˑ˛ˑ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˋˏ˞ˏˋ ˅ ˅ˑˇˈ. 5. ʞˑˇ˄ˈ˓ˋ˕ˈ ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕˞ ˇˎˢ ˖˚˃˔˕ˋˢ ˅ ˓ˈ˃ˍ- ˙ˋˋ ˔ ˘ˎˑ˓ˋˇˑˏ ˍˑ˄˃ˎ˟˕˃ ȋ Ȍ ȋCoCŽ ʞ˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ː˞ˏˋ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˃ˏˋ ˢ˅ˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˞ 2, 3 ˋ 5, ˕˃ˍ ˍ˃ˍ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˠ˕ˋ˘ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˔ˑˈˇˋːˈːˋˌ ˔ ˘ˎˑ˓ˋˇˑˏ ˍˑ˄˃ˎ˟˕˃ ȋ Ȍ ˔ˑ˒˓ˑ˅ˑˉˇ˃- ˡ˕˔ˢ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃ːˋˈˏ ˕˓˖ˇːˑ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˋˏ˞˘ ˘ˎˑ˓ˋˇ˃ ˔˅ˋː˙˃ ȋ Ȍ, ˆˋˇ˓ˑˍ˔ˋˇ˃ ˍˑ˄˃ˎ˟˕˃ ȋ Ȍ, ˘ˎˑ˓ˋˇ˃ ˓˕˖˕ˋ ȋ Ȍ, ˔ˑˑ˕˅ˈ˕˔˕˅ˈːːˑ. Вˑ ˅˔ˈ˘ ˇ˓˖ˆˋ˘ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˢ˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˒˓ˑˋ˔˘ˑˇˋ˕˟ ːˈ ˏˑˆ˖˕: ˒˓ˈˇ˒ˑˎ˃ˆ˃ˈˏ˞ˈ ˒˓ˑˇ˖ˍ˕˞ ˑ˄ˏˈːːˑˆˑ ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˢ ˢ˅ˎˢˡ˕˔ˢ ˔ˋˎ˟ː˞ˏˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕˃ˏˋ, ˘ˑ˓ˑ˛ˑ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˋˏ˞ˏˋ ˅ ˅ˑˇˈ. З˃ˇ˃ːˋˢ ˒ˑ ˕ˈˏˈ «ʝˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ- ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˈ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ» ˅ˍˎˡ˚˃ˡ˕ ˒ˎ˃ːˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˈ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ- ˓ˋˏˈː˕ˑ˅ ˒ˑ ˋˊ˖˚ˈːˋˡ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ ˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕ˋ ˒ˈ˓ˏ˃ːˆ˃ː˃˕˃ ˍ˃ˎˋˢ ˅ ˓˃ˊː˞˘ ˔˓ˈˇ˃˘, ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟- ːˑ-˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ ˇ˅ˑˌ˔˕˅ˈːːˑ˔˕ˋ ˓˃ˊˎˋ˚ː˞˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅, ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˓˃ˊˎˋ˚ː˞˘ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˑ˅ ˔ ˓˃ˊ˄˃˅- ˎˈːːˑˌ ˔ˈ˓ːˑˌ ˍˋ˔ˎˑ˕ˑˌ. ʠ˕˖ˇˈː˕˖ ˒˓ˈˇˎ˃ˆ˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˅˞˄˓˃˕˟ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ, ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞ˈ ː˖ˉːˑ ˇˎˢ ˠ˕ˑˆˑ ˒˓ˑ- ˅ˈ˔˕ˋ, ˒ˑˇˑ˄˓˃˕˟ ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕˞, ˅˞˄˓˃˅ ˋˊ ˋ˘ ˒ˈ˓ˈ˚ːˢ ˕ˋ˒ˋ˚ː˞ˈ ˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎˋ, ˕ˋ˒ˋ˚ː˞ˈ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎˋ ˋˎˋ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅˃, ˒˓ˑˢ˅ˎˢˡ˜ˋˈ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔- ˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˖ˡ ˇ˅ˑˌ˔˕˅ˈːːˑ˔˕˟, ˖ˍ˃ˊ˃˕˟ ˗˃ˍ˕ˑ- ˓˞, ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞ˈ ˔ˎˈˇ˖ˈ˕ ˅˃˓˟ˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˇˎˢ ˒ˑˎ˖˚ˈːˋˢ ˑ˕˅ˈ˕˃ ː˃ ˒ˑ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːː˞ˌ ˅ˑ˒˓ˑ˔. З˃ˇ˃ːˋˈ ˒˓ˈˇ˔˕˃˅ˎˈːˑ ˅ ˅ˋˇˈ ˕˃˄ˎˋ˙˞, ˅ ˒˓˃˅ˑˌ ˍˑˎˑːˍˈ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˌ ˔ˑˇˈ˓ˉˋ˕˔ˢ ˑ˒ˋ˔˃ːˋˈ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˃, ˃ ˅ ˎˈ˅ˑˌ ˍˑˎˑːˍˈ – ˊ˃ˍˑːˑˏˈ˓ːˑ˔˕ˋ, ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˖ˡ ˔ˎˈˇ˖ˈ˕ ˖˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕˟. ʜ˃˒˓ˋˏˈ˓, ˅ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˈ ˋˊ˖˚ˈːˋˢ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ- ˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ ˇ˅ˑˌ˔˕˅ˈːːˑ˔˕ˋ ˓˃ˊˎˋ˚ː˞˘ ˅ˈ˜ˈ˔˕˅ ȋːˋ˕˓ˋ˕˃ ː˃˕˓ˋˢ NaNO ˋˎˋ ˒ˈ˓ˑˍ˔ˋˇ˃ ˅ˑˇˑ˓ˑˇ˃ ˕˃˄ˎˋ˙˃ ˋˏˈˈ˕ ˅ˋˇ: иɫɫлɟɞоɜɚния ɜоɫɫɬɚноɜиɬɟльной ɞɜойɫɬɜɟнноɫɬи ɞɚнноɝо ɯимичɟɫкоɝо ɫоɟɞинɟния нɟоɛɯоɞимо Пɪоɜɟɫɬи ɞɜɟ ɪɟɚкции ɜоɫɫɬɚноɜиɬɟлями Пɪоɜɟɫɬи ɞɜɟ ɪɟɚкции Пɪоɜɟɫɬи ɞɜɟ ɪɟɚкции оɞнɭ ɜоɫɫɬɚноɜиɬɟлɟм ɞɪɭɝɭю Пɪоɜɟɫɬи ɞɜɟ ɪɟɚкции ɜɟщɟɫɬɜɚми пɪояɜляющими ɜоɫɫɬɚноɜиɬɟльнɭю ɞɜойɫɬɜɟнноɫɬь Д˃ˎˈˈ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˖ ˒˓ˈˇˎ˃ˆ˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˒ˑˇˑ˄˓˃˕˟ ːˈ- ˑ˄˘ˑˇˋˏ˞ˈ ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕˞. ʜ˃˒˓ˋˏˈ˓, ˅˞˄˓˃˕˟ ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕, ˍˑ˕ˑ˓˞ˌ ˄˖ˇˈ˕ ˋˆ˓˃˕˟ ˓ˑˎ˟ ˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎˢ ˅ ˒ˎ˃- ːˋ˓˖ˈˏ˞˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˢ˘: В˞˄ˑ˓ ˒˓ˑˋˊ˅ˑˇˋ˕˔ˢ ː˃ ˑ˔ːˑ˅˃ːˋˋ ˓˃˔˚ё˕˃ ˔˕ˈ˒ˈːˈˌ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˢ ˃˕ˑˏˑ˅ ˋ ˒ˑˋ˔ˍ˃ ˔ˑˈˇˋːˈːˋˢ, ˅ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˏ ˃˕ˑˏ ˋˏˈˈ˕ ˏˋːˋˏ˃ˎ˟ːˑˈ ˇˎˢ ˇ˃ːːˑˆˑ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˠˎˈˏˈː˕˃ ˊː˃˚ˈːˋˈ. И˔˕ˑ˚ːˋˍˑˏ ːˈ- ˑ˄˘ˑˇˋˏˑˌ ˋː˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˙ˋˋ ˢ˅ˎˢˈ˕˔ˢ ˕˃˄ˎˋ˙˃ ˘ˋˏˋ- ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˠˎˈˏˈː˕ˑ˅ Д.И. ʛˈːˇˈˎˈˈ˅˃: ˏˋːˋˏ˃ˎ˟ː˃ˢ ˔˕ˈ˒ˈː˟ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˢ ˃˕ˑˏ˃ ːˈˏˈ˕˃ˎˎ˃ ˒˓ˈˇ˔˕˃˅ˎˢˈ˕ ˔ˑ˄ˑˌ ˓˃ˊːˑ˔˕˟ № ˆ˓˖˒˒˞ – ͺ. В ˇ˃ːːˑˏ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˈ ː˃ ˓ˑˎ˟ ˕ˋ˒ˋ˚ːˑˆˑ ˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎˢ, ˒˓ˑˢ˅ˎˢˡ˜ˈˆˑ Ноɜыɟ мɟɬоɞики ɬɟɯнолоɝии DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 Пɟɞɚɝоɝикɚ NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ ˋ˔ˍˎˡ˚ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ ˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˈ ˔˅ˑˌ˔˕˅˃, ˒ˑˇ- ˘ˑˇˋ˕ ˋˑˇˋˇ ˍ˃ˎˋˢ, ˅ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˏ ˃˕ˑˏ ˋˑˇ˃ – ˠˎˈˏˈː˕˃ ˆˎ˃˅ːˑˌ ˒ˑˇˆ˓˖˒˒˞ V ˆ˓˖˒˒˞ – ˋˏˈˈ˕ ː˃ˋˏˈː˟- ˛˖ˡ ȋːˋˊ˛˖ˡȌ ˔˕ˈ˒ˈː˟ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˢ -1. З˃˕ˈˏ – ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕, ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˏ˖ ˒˓ˈˇː˃ˊː˃˚˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˓ˑˎ˟ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎˢ. В˞˄ˑ˓ ˒˓ˑˋˊ˅ˑˇˋ˕˔ˢ ː˃ ˑ˔ːˑ˅˃ːˋˋ ˓˃˔˚ё˕˃ ˔˕ˈ˒ˈːˈˌ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˢ ˃˕ˑˏˑ˅ ˋ ˒ˑˋ˔ˍ˃ ˔ˑˈˇˋːˈːˋˢ, ˅ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˏ ˃˕ˑˏ ˋˏˈˈ˕ ˏ˃ˍ˔ˋˏ˃ˎ˟ːˑˈ ˇˎˢ ˇ˃ːːˑˆˑ ˘ˋ- ˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˠˎˈˏˈː˕˃ ˊː˃˚ˈːˋˈ. И˔˕ˑ˚ːˋˍˑˏ ːˈˑ˄˘ˑ- ˇˋˏˑˌ ˋː˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˙ˋˋ ˢ˅ˎˢˈ˕˔ˢ ˕˃˄ˎˋ˙˃ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˠˎˈˏˈː˕ˑ˅ Д.И. ʛˈːˇˈˎˈˈ˅˃: ˏ˃ˍ˔ˋˏ˃ˎ˟ː˃ˢ ˔˕ˈ˒ˈː˟ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˢ ˃˕ˑˏ˃ ːˈˏˈ˕˃ˎˎ˃ ˚ˋ˔ˎˈːːˑ ˔ˑ˅˒˃ˇ˃ˈ˕ ˔ № ˆ˓˖˒˒˞. В ˇ˃ːːˑˏ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˈ ː˃ ˓ˑˎ˟ ˕ˋ˒ˋ˚ːˑˆˑ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎˢ, ˒˓ˑˢ˅ˎˢˡ˜ˈˆˑ ˋ˔ˍˎˡ˚ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ ˑˍˋ˔- ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟˞ˈ ˔˅ˑˌ˔˕˅˃, ˒ˑˇ˘ˑˇˋ˕ ˄ˋ˘˓ˑˏ˃˕ ˍ˃ˎˋˢ, ˅ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˏ ˃˕ˑˏ ˘˓ˑˏ˃ – ˠˎˈˏˈː˕˃ ˒ˑ˄ˑ˚ːˑˌ ˒ˑˇ- ˆ˓˖˒˒˞ V ˆ˓˖˒˒˞ – ˋˏˈˈ˕ ː˃ˋ˄ˑˎ˟˛˖ˡ ȋ˅˞˔˛˖ˡȌ ˔˕ˈ˒ˈː˟ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˢ +6. В ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˈ ˒˓˃˅ˋˎ˟ːˑˆˑ ˅˞˄ˑ˓˃ ˓ˈ˃ˆˈː˕ˑ˅ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ ˅ˋˇˋ˕ ː˃ ˠˍ˓˃ːˈ ˇˈˏˑː˔˕˓˃˙ˋˡ ˔˒ˎ˃ːˋ- ˓ˑ˅˃ːː˞˘ ˋˏ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˌ. З˃ˍ˃ˇ˓ˑ˅˞ˌ ˍˑˏˏˈː˕˃˓ˋˌ ˒˓ˈ˒ˑˇ˃˅˃˕ˈˎˢ ˃ˍ˙ˈː˕ˋ˓˖ˈ˕ ˈˆˑ ˅ːˋˏ˃ːˋˈ ː˃ ˆˎ˃˅ː˞˘ ˃˔˒ˈˍ˕˃˘ ˕ˈ˓ˏˋː˃ «ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔˔˕˃- ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˃ˢ ˇ˅ˑˌ˔˕˅ˈːːˑ˔˕˟». ʞˑ ˃ː˃ˎˑˆˋ˚ːˑˏ˖ ˔˙ˈː˃˓ˋˡ ˋˊ˖˚˃ˡ˕˔ˢ: ˅ˎˋˢːˋˈ ˘˃˓˃ˍ˕ˈ˓˃ ˔˓ˈˇ˞ ː˃ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˖ˡ ˃ˍ- ˕ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕˟ ˒ˈ˓ˏ˃ːˆ˃ː˃˕˃ ˍ˃ˎˋˢ ȋ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˢ Na + MnO ˅ ˓˃ˊː˞˘ ˔˓ˈˇ˃˘Ȍ, ˑ˔ˑ˄ˈːːˑ˔˕ˋ ˅ː˖˕˓ˋˏˑ- ˎˈˍ˖ˎˢ˓ː˞˘ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˌ ː˃ ˒˓ˋˏˈ˓ˈ ˓˃ˊˎˑˉˈːˋˢ ˄ˋ˘˓ˑˏ˃˕˃ ˃ˏˏˑ- ːˋˢ, ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˈ ˔˅ˑˌ˔˕˅˃ ˏˋːˈ˓˃ˎ˟ː˞˘ ˍˋ˔- ˎˑ˕ ː˃ ˒˓ˋˏˈ˓˃˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˑ˅ ȋMg, n, CuȌ ˔ ˓˃ˊ˄˃˅ˎˈːːˑˌ ˔ˈ˓ːˑˌ ˍˋ˔ˎˑ˕ˑˌ ˋ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˏˈˇˋ Cu ˔ ˃ˊˑ˕ːˑˌ ˍˋ˔ˎˑ˕ˑˌ NO , ː˃˒˓˃˅ˎˈːˋˈ ˒˓ˑ˕ˈˍ˃- ːˋˢ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ-˅ˑ˔˔˕˃ːˑ˅ˋ˕ˈˎ˟ː˞˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˌ ː˃ ˒˓ˋˏˈ˓ˈ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˅˞˕ˈ˔ːˈːˋˢ ˑˇːˑˆˑ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎ˃ ˇ˓˖ˆˋˏ ˋˊ ˈˆˑ ˔ˑˎˋ - ˅ˊ˃ˋˏˑˇˈˌ˔˕˅ˋˈ ˃ˎˡˏˋːˋˢ ˔ ːˋ˕˓˃˕ˑˏ ˔ˈ˓ˈ˄˓˃ ȋAŽ + AgNO ˅˞˔ˑˍ˃ˢ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˋ- ˕ˈˎ˟ː˃ˢ ˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕˟ ˒ˈ˓ˏ˃ːˆ˃ː˃˕˃ ˍ˃ˎˋˢ ȋMnO ː˃ ˒˓ˋˏˈ˓ˈ ˈˆˑ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˌ ˔ ˆˎˋ˙ˈ˓ˋːˑˏ ȋʠ Ȍ ˋ ˔˃˘˃˓ˑˏ. ʡˈˏ˃ «ʝ˔ːˑ˅˞ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋˋ» ˋˏˈˈ˕ ˑ˔ˑ˄ˑˈ ˒˓ˋˍˎ˃ˇːˑˈ ˊː˃˚ˈːˋˈ ˇˎˢ ˑ˄˜ˈ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˒ˑˇˆˑ- ˕ˑ˅ˍˋ ˔˒ˈ˙ˋ˃ˎˋ˔˕ˑ˅ ˓˃ˊˎˋ˚ːˑˌ ˒˓ˑ˗ˈ˔˔ˋˑː˃ˎ˟ːˑˌ ː˃˒˓˃˅ˎˈːːˑ˔˕ˋ. Её ˑ˔˅ˑˈːˋˈ ˅˃ˉːˑ ˇˎˢ ˅˞˓˃˄ˑ˕- ˍˋ ˒˓ˑ˗ˈ˔˔ˋˑː˃ˎ˟ː˞˘ ˍˑˏ˒ˈ˕ˈː˙ˋˌ ˔˒ˈ˙ˋ˃ˎˋ˔˕ˑ˅ ˅ ˎˡ˄ˑˌ ˑ˄ˎ˃˔˕ˋ, ˅ ˍˑ˕ˑ˓ˑˌ ˒˓ˈˇ˒ˑˎ˃ˆ˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ˋ˔- ˒ˑˎ˟ˊˑ˅˃ːˋˈ ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˋ˔˕ˑ˚ːˋˍˑ˅ ˕ˑˍ˃ ȋˆ˃ˎ˟˅˃- ːˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˠˎˈˏˈː˕ˑ˅ ˋ ˃ˍˍ˖ˏ˖ˎˢ˕ˑ˓ˑ˅Ȍ, ˆ˓˃ˏˑ˕ː˃ˢ ˠˍ˔˒ˎ˖˃˕˃˙ˋˢ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˍˑː˔˕˓˖ˍ˙ˋˌ ˋ ˃ˆ˓ˈ- ˆ˃˕ˑ˅, ˑ˄ˑ˓˖ˇˑ˅˃ːˋˢ ˇˎˢ ˘˓˃ːˈːˋˢ ˋ ˕˓˃ː˔˒ˑ˓˕ˋ- ˓ˑ˅ˍˋ ˒˓ˋ˓ˑˇːˑˆˑ ˔˞˓˟ˢ, ˅ ˕ˑˏ ˚ˋ˔ˎˈ ːˈ˗˕ˋ ˋ ˆ˃ˊ˃. В ˍˎ˃˔˔ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˅˖ˊˑ˅˔ˍˋ˘ ˍ˖˓˔˃˘ ˘ˋˏˋˋ ˕ˈˏ˃ ˕˓˃- ˇˋ˙ˋˑːːˑ ˓˃ˊ˄ˋ˅˃ˈ˕˔ˢ ː˃ ˒ˑˇ˕ˈˏ˞: «ʤˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˋ˔˕ˑ˚ːˋˍˋ ˕ˑˍ˃», «ʬˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍ˃ˢ ˍˑ˓˓ˑˊˋˢ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˑ˅ ˋ ˔˒ˎ˃˅ˑ˅», «ʬˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋˊ». ʠ˕˖ˇˈː˕˖ ˅˃ˉːˑ ˒ˑˍ˃ˊ˃˕˟ ˑ˄˜ːˑ˔˕˟ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˑ˅ ˋ ˊ˃ˍˑːˑ- ˏˈ˓ːˑ˔˕ˈˌ ˋ˘ ˒˓ˑ˕ˈˍ˃ːˋˢ ˅ˑ ˅˔ˈ˘ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋ- ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˔ˋ˔˕ˈˏ˃˘. Гˎ˃˅ːˑˌ ˇˋˇ˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˊ˃ˇ˃˚ˈˌ ˅ ˇ˃ːːˑˏ ˔ˎ˖˚˃ˈ ˢ˅ˎˢˈ˕˔ˢ ˒ˑːˋˏ˃ːˋˈ ˘˃˓˃ˍ˕ˈ˓˃ ˒˓ˑ˕ˈˍ˃ːˋˢ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˇː˞˘ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˌ – ˃ːˑˇːˑˆˑ ˋ ˍ˃˕ˑˇːˑˆˑ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˑ˅. З˃ˇ˃ːˋˢ ˒ˑ ˕ˈˏˈ ˒˓ˈˇ˒ˑˎ˃- ˆ˃ˡ˕ ˒ˑˇ˄ˑ˓ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˑ˅ ː˃ ˓ˑˎ˟ ˃ːˑˇ˃ ˋˎˋ ˍ˃˕ˑˇ˃, ˒˓ˑˆːˑˊˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˈ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃˕ˑ˅ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˍˑ˓˓ˑˊˋˋ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˑ˅ ȋ˃ːˑˇːˑˈ ˑˍˋ˔ˎˈːˋˈ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˑ˅, ˖˚˃˔˕ˋˈ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋ˕˃ ˅ ˍ˃˕ˑˇːˑˏ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˈȌ, ˅ˑˊ- ˏˑˉːˑ˔˕˟ / ːˈ˅ˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕˟ ˍ˃˕ˑˇːˑˆˑ ˑ˔˃ˉˇˈːˋˢ ˏˈ˕˃ˎˎˑ˅ ˒˓ˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋˊˈ ˅ˑˇː˞˘ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˑ˅ ˋ˘ ˔ˑˎˈˌ. В ˘ˋˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˏ ˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓ˈ ˕ˈˏ˃ ˒˓ˈˇ˔˕˃˅ˎˈː˃ ˇˈˏˑː˔˕˓˃˙ˋˢˏˋ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˞ ˙ˋːˍ-ˏˈˇːˑˆˑ ˆ˃ˎ˟˅˃ːˋ- ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˆˑ ˠˎˈˏˈː˕˃, ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔˃ ˍˑː˕˃ˍ˕ːˑˌ ˍˑ˓˓ˑˊˋˋ ˙ˋːˍ˃ ˋ ˏˈˇˋ ˅ ˍˋ˔ˎˑˌ ˋ ːˈˌ˕˓˃ˎ˟ːˑˌ ˔˓ˈˇ˃˘, ˓ˈ- ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑˎˋˊ˃ ˅ˑˇː˞˘ ˓˃˔˕˅ˑ˓ˑ˅ ˘ˎˑ˓ˋˇ˃ ˏˈ- ˇˋ CuCŽ , ˋˑˇˋˇ˃ ˍ˃ˎˋˢ  , ˔˖ˎ˟˗˃˕˃ ˍ˃ˇˏˋˢ CdSO ˋ ːˋ˕˓˃˕˃ ː˃˕˓ˋˢ NaNO З˃ˍˎˡ˚ˈːˋˈ ʞˑˇ˅ˑˇˢ ˋ˕ˑˆˋ, ˏˑˉːˑ ˊ˃ˍˎˡ˚ˋ˕˟, ˚˕ˑ ˕ˈ˔˕- ˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓˞ ˒ˑˊ˅ˑˎˢˡ˕ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˖ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˃˕˟ ː˃ˇ ˕ˈˏˑˌ ˔˅ˑˈˌ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˌ ˒˓ˑˆ˓˃ˏˏ˞, ˅ˋˇˢ ˓ˈˊ˖ˎ˟˕˃- ˕˞ ˔˅ˑˈˌ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˞, ˓ˈ˃ˎ˟ːˑ ˑ˙ˈːˋ˅˃ˢ ˖˔˒ˈ˛ːˑ˔˕˟ ˔˅ˑˈˆˑ ˒˓ˑˇ˅ˋˉˈːˋˢ ˒ˑ ˇ˃ːːˑˌ ˕ˈˏˈ ˋ ˒ˑˎ˖˚˃ˢ ˖ˍ˃ˊ˃ːˋˢ ˒˓ˈ˒ˑˇ˃˅˃˕ˈˎˢ ː˃ ˒˓ˋ˚ˋː˞ ˔˅ˑˋ˘ ˑ˛ˋ- ˄ˑˍ ˅ ˃˖ˇˋˑ-˗ˑ˓ˏ˃˕ˈ. DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2015.2.15207 NOTA BENE ( - ) www.nbpublish.com ц̛т̛̬ов̌н̛̛ ̭т̌т̛̽ ̭но̭к̌ о̍я̌̚тел̽н̌ И˔˒ˑˎ˟ˊ˖ˢ ˕ˈ˔˕-˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓˞, ˍ˃ˉˇ˞ˌ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ ˒ˑˎ˖˚˃ˈ˕ ˅ˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕˟ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˃˕˟ ˅ ˎˡ˄ˑˈ ˖ˇˑ˄ːˑˈ ˇˎˢ ːˈˆˑ ˅˓ˈˏˢ, ˅˞˄ˋ˓˃ˢ ˑ˒˕ˋˏ˃ˎ˟ː˞ˌ ˇˎˢ ˔ˈ˄ˢ ˖˓ˑ˅ˈː˟ ˋː˕ˈː˔ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕ˋ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˞. К ˒˓ˈˋˏ˖˜ˈ˔˕- ˅˃ˏ ˇ˃ːːˑˆˑ ˅ˋˇ˃ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑ-ˏˈ˕ˑˇˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ˘ ˏ˃˕ˈ˓ˋ- ˃ˎˑ˅ ˑ˕ːˑ˔ˋ˕˔ˢ ˃ˍ˕ˋ˅ː˃ˢ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˃ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃ ˅ ˘ˑˇˈ ˒˓ˑ˔ˏˑ˕˓˃ ˅ˋˇˈˑ-˓ˢˇ˃ ȋ˅ ˚˃˔˕ːˑ˔˕ˋ, ˓˃˄ˑ˕˃ ˒ˑ ˔˃ˏˑ˔˕ˑˢ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˏ˖ ˒ˎ˃ːˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˡ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˃, ˒˓ˑ˅ˈˇˈːˋˈ ˋˊˏˈ˓ˈːˋˌ ˅˓ˈˏˈːˋ ˒˓ˑ˘ˑˉˇˈːˋˢ ˘ˋ- ˏˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˌ ˓ˈ˃ˍ˙ˋˋ, ˒ˑ˔ˎˈˇ˖ˡ˜ˈˆˑ ˓˃˔˚ё˕˃ ˅ˈˎˋ˚ˋː ˈё ˔ˍˑ˓ˑ˔˕ˋ, ˒ˑ˔˕˓ˑˈːˋˢ ˆ˓˃˗ˋˍ˃ ˋ ˕.˒.Ȍ. ʡˈ˔˕-˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓˞ ˒ˑˊ˅ˑˎˢˡ˕ ˒ˈˇ˃ˆˑˆ˖ ˓ˈ˃ˎ˟ːˑ ˖˒˓˃˅ˎˢ˕˟ ˔˃ˏˑ˔˕ˑˢ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑˌ ˓˃˄ˑ˕ˑˌ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˃, ˃ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕˖ ˑ˒ˈ˓˃˕ˋ˅ːˑ ˍˑː˕˓ˑˎˋ˓ˑ˅˃˕˟ ˔˅ˑˋ ˖˚ˈ˄ː˞ˈ ˇˑ˔˕ˋˉˈːˋˢ ˔ ˒ˑˏˑ˜˟ˡ ˕ˈ˔˕ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːˋˢ. ʠ˕˖ˇˈː˕ ˒ˑˎ˖˚˃ˈ˕ ˅ˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕˟ ˔˃ˏˑ˔˕ˑˢ˕ˈˎ˟ːˑ ˑ˔˅˃ˋ˅˃˕˟ ˇˋ˔˙ˋ˒ˎˋː˖, ˗˃ˍ˕ˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋ ˓˃˄ˑ˕˃ˢ ˅ ˓ˈˉˋˏˈ ˑ˄˖˚˃ˡ˜ˈˌ ˒˓ˑˆ˓˃ˏˏ˞. ʞ˓ˑ˅ˈˇёːː˞ˈ ˒ˈˇ˃ˆˑˆˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˋˈ ˠˍ˔˒ˈ˓ˋˏˈː˕˞ ˅ ˆ˓˖˒˒˃˘ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑ˅ 1 ˍ˖˓˔˃ ˒ˑˍ˃ˊ˃ˎˋ ˋ˘ ˅˞˔ˑˍ˖ˡ ˠ˗˗ˈˍ˕ˋ˅ːˑ˔˕˟ ˅ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˑˏ ˒˓ˑ˙ˈ˔˔ˈ. ʠ˒ˋ˔ˑˍ ˎˋ˕ˈ˓˃˕˖˓˞ ʏː˕ˑːˑ˅˃ ʠ.Г. Гˑ˔˖ˇ˃˓˔˕˅ˈːː˞ˈ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ˅˃˕ˈˎ˟ː˞ˈ ˔˕˃ːˇ˃˓˕˞ ˅˞˔˛ˈˆˑ ˒˓ˑ˗ˈ˔˔ˋˑː˃ˎ˟ːˑˆˑ ˑ˄˓˃ˊˑ- ˅˃ːˋˢ – ˑ˔ːˑ˅˃ ˔ˑˇˈ˓ˉ˃ːˋˢ ˖˚ˈ˄ː˞˘ ˋˊˇ˃ːˋˌ. ʛ.: ʢːˋ˅ˈ˓˔ˋ˕ˈ˕˔ˍ˃ˢ ˍːˋˆ˃, 2000. ʠ. 1ͻ-27. Ж˖ˍˑ˅˃ ʜ.В. Вˑˊˏˑˉːˑ˔˕ˋ ˋ˔˒ˑˎ˟ˊˑ˅˃ːˋˢ ˠˎˈˍ˕˓ˑːː˞˘ ˕ˈ˔˕-˕˓ˈː˃ˉё˓ ˑ˅ ˒˓ˋ ˑ˄˖˚ˈːˋˋ ˗ˋˊˋ˚ˈ˔- ˍˑˌ ˘ˋˏˋˋ // ʣ˖ːˇ˃ˏˈː˕˃ˎ˟ː˞ˈ ˋ˔˔ˎˈˇˑ˅˃ːˋˢ. 2013. № 10–12. ʠ. 27 7ͺ-27ͺ1. ȋUR: Šttp://www.rae. ru/fs/?art‹cŽe_‹d=1000213ͻ&op=sŠow_art‹cŽe§‹on=contentȌ. ʞ˓ˈ˔˔ И.ʏ. ʝ ˒ˈˇ˃ˆˑˆˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˏ ˇˋˊ˃ˌːˈ ˋ ˒ˈˇ˃ˆˑˆˋ˚ˈ˔ˍˑˏ ˒˓ˑˈˍ˕ˋ˓ˑ˅ ˃ːˋˋ ˅˖ˊˑ˅˔ˍˑˆˑ ˖˚ˈ˄ːˋˍ˃ ːˑ˅ˑˆˑ ˒ˑˍˑˎˈːˋˢ: ˕ˈˑ˓ˋˢ ˋ ˒˓˃ˍ˕ˋˍ˃ // ʠˑ˅˓ˈˏˈːː˞ˈ ˒˓ˑ˄ˎˈˏ˞ ː˃˖ˍˋ ˋ ˑ˄ ˓˃ˊˑ˅˃ːˋˢ. 2015. № 4. ʠ. 12ͺ0. ʞ˓ˈ˔˔ И.ʏ., ʟˢ˄ˑ˅˃ ʛ.ʜ. ʝ˒˞˕ ˑ˓ˆ˃ːˋˊ˃˙ˋˋ ˋː˕ˈˆ˓ˋ˓ˑ˅˃ːːˑˌ ˗ˑ˓ˏ˞ ˑ˄˖˚ˈːˋˢ ˔˕˖ˇˈː˕ˑ˅ ˅ ˅˖ˊˈ // Вˈ˔˕ːˋˍ ʠ˃ːˍ˕-ʞˈ˕ˈ˓˄˖˓ˆ˔ˍˑˆˑ ʢːˋ˅ˈ˓˔ˋ˕ˈ˕˃. 2012. ʠˈ˓. 12. В˞˒. 2. ʠ. 16ͺ–176. Press . ‹gŠ scŠooŽ Žecture dur‹ng an era of cŠanges: trad‹t‹o ns and ‹nnovat‹ons // European AppŽ‹ed Sc‹ences. 2012. VoŽ. 1. № 2. P. 1ͺ6-1ͺͺ. Press . Organ‹œat‹on of Žaborator› cŠe‹str› course ‹n tŠe s›s te of d‹stance Žearn‹ng // European Sc‹ence and TecŠnoŽog›: ater‹aŽs of tŠe ‹nternat‹onaŽ researcŠ and pract‹ce conference, Mun‹cŠ, October 30tŠ–31st, 2012. Mun‹cŠ: VeŽa VerŽag aŽdra‹burg, 2012. VoŽ. . 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